Part A: Global and Sectoral Aspects: Volume 1, Global and Sectoral Aspects: Working Group II Contribution to the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change

Christopher. B Field, Maarten Van Aalst, Maarten Van Aalst, W. Neil Adger, Douglas Arent, Jonathon Barnett, Richard Betts, Eren Bilir, Joern Birkmann, JoAnn Carmin, Dave Chadee, Andrew Challinor, Monalisa Chatterjee, Wolfgang Cramer, Debra Davidson, Yuka Estrada, Jean-Pierre Gattuso, Yasuaki Hijioka, Ove Hoegh- Guldberg, He-Qing HuangGregory Insarov, Roger Jones, Sari Kovats, Patricia Romero Lankao, Joan Nymand Larsen, Iñigo Losada, José Marengo, Roger McLean, Linda Mearns, Reinhard Mechler, John Morton, Isabelle Niang, Taikan Oki, Jane Mukarugwiza Olwoch, Maggie Opondo, Elvira Poloczanska, Hans-O. Pörtner, Margaret Hiza Redsteer, Andy Reisinger, Aromar Revi, Daniela Schmidt, Rebecca Shaw, William Solecki, Dáithí Stone, John Stone, Ken Strzepek, Avelino Suarez, Petra Tschakert, Riccardo Valentini, Sebastian Vicuna, Alicia Villamizar, Katharine Vincent, Rachel Warren, Leslie White, Thomas Wilbanks, Poh Poh Wong, Gary Yoh

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference paperChapterpeer-review


Human interference with the climate system is occurring. [WGI AR5 2.2, 6.3, 10.3-6, 10.9] Climate change poses risks for human and natural systems (Figure TS.1). The assessment of impacts, adaptation, and vulnerability in the Working Group II contribution to the IPCC’s Fifth Assessment Report (WGII AR5) evaluates how patterns of risks and potential benefits are shifting due to climate change and how risks can be reduced through mitigation and adaptation. It recognizes that risks of climate change will vary across regions and populations, through space and time, dependent on myriad factors including the extent of mitigation and adaptation. [INSERT FIGURE TS.1 HERE Figure TS.1: Climate-related hazards, exposure, and vulnerability interact to produce risk. Changes in both the climate system (left) and development processes including adaptation and mitigation (right) are drivers of hazards, exposure, and vulnerability. [19.2, Figure 19-1]] Section A of this summary characterizes observed impacts, vulnerability and exposure, and responses to date. Section B examines the range of future risks and potential benefits across sectors and regions, highlighting where choices matter for reducing risks through mitigation and adaptation. Section C considers principles for effective adaptation and the broader interactions among adaptation, mitigation, and sustainable development. Box TS.1 introduces the context of the WGII AR5, and Box TS.2 defines central concepts. To accurately convey the degree of certainty in key findings, the report relies on the consistent use of calibrated uncertainty language, introduced in Box TS.3. Chapter references in square brackets indicate support for findings, paragraphs of findings, figures, and tables in this summary.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationClimate change 2014: impacts, adaptation, and vulnerability
EditorsC field, V Barros
Place of PublicationUSA
ISBN (Print)9781107641655, 9781107058071
Publication statusPublished - 2014
Externally publishedYes


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  • Livelihoods and poverty

    Olsson, L., Opondo, M., Tschakert, P., Agrawal, A., Eriksen, S., Ma, S., Perch, L. & Zakieldeen, S., 2014, Climate Change 2014 Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability: Part A: Global and Sectoral Aspects. Cambridge, United Kingdom and New York, NY, USA: Cambridge University Press, p. 793-832 40 p.

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference paperChapterpeer-review

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