Panning for gold in mould: Can we increase the odds for fungal genome mining?

Cameron L.M. Gilchrist, Hang Li, Yit Heng Chooi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Citations (Scopus)
122 Downloads (Pure)


Fungi are a rich source of bioactive small molecules. However, the large number of biosynthetic gene clusters (BGCs) encoding these molecules in their genomes suggests their biosynthetic potential is far greater than we previously appreciated. The mining of fungal genomes therefore holds great promise for the discovery of new chemical entities for pharmaceutical and agricultural applications. As more and more fungal genomes become available, the accompanying number of BGCs is quickly becoming unmanageable. Along with improving molecular genetic tools to accelerate the translation of BGCs to small molecules, we must devise strategies to prioritise BGCs most likely to encode the biosynthesis of novel small molecules and molecules with new or improved bioactivities or functions. In this perspective, we discuss existing and emerging strategies for prioritisation of BGCs to increase the odds of fruitful genome mining in fungi.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1620-1626
Number of pages7
JournalOrganic and Biomolecular Chemistry
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2018


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