Paget's disease of bone (PDB) is a debilitating bone disorder characterized by giant osteoclasts, enhanced bone destruction, and irregular bone formation. Recently, mutations in SQSTM1 (also known as p62) have been detected in PDB sufferers, with all mutations resulting in either loss of function or truncation/deletion of the ubiquitin binding-associated (UBA) domain. We hypothesized that mutation in the p62 gene resulting in either deletion or premature termination of the UBA domain accounts for the elevated osteoclastic formation and bone resorption associated with PDB. Remarkably, overexpression of the p62 URN domain deletion mutant (p62 Delta UBA) significantly enhanced osteoclastogenesis in vitro compared to cells expressing either wild-type p62 (p62WT) or a control vector in a RAW264.7 osteoclastogenic system. Overexpression of p62 Delta UBA potentiated the formation of abnormally large multinucleated osteoclasts and resorption of bone, reminiscent of PDB. Consistent with the enhancement of osteoclastogenesis, overexpression of p62 Delta UBA potentiated receptor activator of nuclear factor-kappa B ligand-induced activation of nuclear factor-kappa B, NFAT, and ERK phosphorylation. Furthermore, as determined by confocal microscopy, deletion of the p62 UBA domain impaired the association of p62 with TRAF6 in the proteasomal compartment. These results suggest that the UBA domain encodes essential regulatory elements required for receptor activator of nuclear factor-kappa B figand-induced osteoclast formation and bone resorption that may be directly associated with the progression of PDB.