Oxazolinone derivative of leucine for GC-MS: a sensitive and robust method for stable isotope kinetic studies of lipoproteins

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Abstract

Stable isotope labeled amino acids are commonly used as endogenons tracers to study the metabolism of lipoproteins. The determination of isotopic enrichment of particular amino acids in apolipoproteins is carried out by gas chromatography mass spectrometry (GC-MS). This report describes a robust and sensitive derivative for analysis of d(3)-leucine by GC-MS and its utility in studying the metabolism of human lipoproteins. The trifluoromethyloxazolinone (oxazolinone) derivative of leucine was formed in a rapid single step procedure using a mixture of trifluoroacetic anhydride (TFAA) and trifluoroacetic acid (TFA). Analysis of the oxazolinone by negative ion chemical ionization GC-MS gave excellent sensitivity and precision, which enabled accurate determination of low levels of isotopic enrichment from small amounts of protein. For example, enrichments between 0.05% and 100% in 100 pg leucine can be measured with a coefficient of variation of
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)344-349
JournalJournal of Lipid Research
Volume43
Publication statusPublished - 2002

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