Outcomes in preterm small versus appropriate for gestation infants after Bifidobacterium breve M-16 V supplementation

Gayatri Athalye-Jape, Novia Minaee, Elizabeth Nathan, Karen Simmer, Sanjay Patole

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Abstract

Introduction: Fecal bifidobacteria response after Bifidobacterium breve M-16 V supplementation was comparable in preterm small (SGA) versus appropriate for gestational age (AGA) infants. Objectives: To compare clinical outcomes between preterm SGA versus AGA infants after routine probiotic supplementation (RPS) with Bifidobacterium breve M-16V (3 × 109 CFU/day). Design: Retrospective cohort study (June 2012–August 2015) comparing outcomes between preterm (<34 weeks, subgroup: <29 weeks) SGA versus AGA infants after RPS with B. breve M-16 V using multivariable regression analysis. Primary outcome: necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC)≥Stage II/all-cause mortality. Secondary outcomes: NEC ≥ Stage II, all-cause mortality, late onset sepsis (LOS), postnatal age at full feeds (PAFF). Results: Outcomes in inborn 1380/1481 (162 SGA versus 1218 AGA) admissions were analyzed. Primary outcome “NEC ≥ Stage II /all-cause mortality” was higher in SGA versus AGA infants <29 weeks (21 versus 12%; p =.040), and showed trend toward reduction (8 versus 6%; p =.057) in AGA <34 weeks. NEC ≥ Stage II, LOS, and all-cause mortality was comparable in SGA versus AGA infants <34 weeks (3 versus 2, 9 versus 8, 9% versus 6%) and <29 weeks (5 versus 4, 16 versus 9, 18% versus 19%), respectively. Median (IQR) PAFF was significantly higher in SGA versus AGA infants <34 weeks (8 (6–12) versus 7 (5–10) days), and <29 weeks (14 (12–17) versus 11 (8–16) days). Conclusions: NEC, LOS and all-cause mortality rates were similar in preterm SGA versus AGA infants after RPS with Bifidobacterium breve M-16 V, but PAFF was higher in SGA infants.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Maternal-Fetal and Neonatal Medicine
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 22 Nov 2018

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Gestational Age
Necrotizing Enterocolitis
Pregnancy
Probiotics
Mortality
Sepsis
EM 16
Bifidobacterium breve
Bifidobacterium
Cohort Studies
Retrospective Studies
Regression Analysis

Cite this

@article{8d5c2643002a4652a7954c1b0ad3acaf,
title = "Outcomes in preterm small versus appropriate for gestation infants after Bifidobacterium breve M-16 V supplementation",
abstract = "Introduction: Fecal bifidobacteria response after Bifidobacterium breve M-16 V supplementation was comparable in preterm small (SGA) versus appropriate for gestational age (AGA) infants. Objectives: To compare clinical outcomes between preterm SGA versus AGA infants after routine probiotic supplementation (RPS) with Bifidobacterium breve M-16V (3 × 109 CFU/day). Design: Retrospective cohort study (June 2012–August 2015) comparing outcomes between preterm (<34 weeks, subgroup: <29 weeks) SGA versus AGA infants after RPS with B. breve M-16 V using multivariable regression analysis. Primary outcome: necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC)≥Stage II/all-cause mortality. Secondary outcomes: NEC ≥ Stage II, all-cause mortality, late onset sepsis (LOS), postnatal age at full feeds (PAFF). Results: Outcomes in inborn 1380/1481 (162 SGA versus 1218 AGA) admissions were analyzed. Primary outcome “NEC ≥ Stage II /all-cause mortality” was higher in SGA versus AGA infants <29 weeks (21 versus 12{\%}; p =.040), and showed trend toward reduction (8 versus 6{\%}; p =.057) in AGA <34 weeks. NEC ≥ Stage II, LOS, and all-cause mortality was comparable in SGA versus AGA infants <34 weeks (3 versus 2, 9 versus 8, 9{\%} versus 6{\%}) and <29 weeks (5 versus 4, 16 versus 9, 18{\%} versus 19{\%}), respectively. Median (IQR) PAFF was significantly higher in SGA versus AGA infants <34 weeks (8 (6–12) versus 7 (5–10) days), and <29 weeks (14 (12–17) versus 11 (8–16) days). Conclusions: NEC, LOS and all-cause mortality rates were similar in preterm SGA versus AGA infants after RPS with Bifidobacterium breve M-16 V, but PAFF was higher in SGA infants.",
keywords = "Bifidobacterium breve M-16 V, preterm, probiotic, small for gestation age",
author = "Gayatri Athalye-Jape and Novia Minaee and Elizabeth Nathan and Karen Simmer and Sanjay Patole",
year = "2018",
month = "11",
day = "22",
doi = "10.1080/14767058.2018.1543657",
language = "English",
journal = "Journal of Maternal-Fetal and Neonatal Medicine",
issn = "1476-4954",
publisher = "Informa Healthcare USA",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Outcomes in preterm small versus appropriate for gestation infants after Bifidobacterium breve M-16 V supplementation

AU - Athalye-Jape, Gayatri

AU - Minaee, Novia

AU - Nathan, Elizabeth

AU - Simmer, Karen

AU - Patole, Sanjay

PY - 2018/11/22

Y1 - 2018/11/22

N2 - Introduction: Fecal bifidobacteria response after Bifidobacterium breve M-16 V supplementation was comparable in preterm small (SGA) versus appropriate for gestational age (AGA) infants. Objectives: To compare clinical outcomes between preterm SGA versus AGA infants after routine probiotic supplementation (RPS) with Bifidobacterium breve M-16V (3 × 109 CFU/day). Design: Retrospective cohort study (June 2012–August 2015) comparing outcomes between preterm (<34 weeks, subgroup: <29 weeks) SGA versus AGA infants after RPS with B. breve M-16 V using multivariable regression analysis. Primary outcome: necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC)≥Stage II/all-cause mortality. Secondary outcomes: NEC ≥ Stage II, all-cause mortality, late onset sepsis (LOS), postnatal age at full feeds (PAFF). Results: Outcomes in inborn 1380/1481 (162 SGA versus 1218 AGA) admissions were analyzed. Primary outcome “NEC ≥ Stage II /all-cause mortality” was higher in SGA versus AGA infants <29 weeks (21 versus 12%; p =.040), and showed trend toward reduction (8 versus 6%; p =.057) in AGA <34 weeks. NEC ≥ Stage II, LOS, and all-cause mortality was comparable in SGA versus AGA infants <34 weeks (3 versus 2, 9 versus 8, 9% versus 6%) and <29 weeks (5 versus 4, 16 versus 9, 18% versus 19%), respectively. Median (IQR) PAFF was significantly higher in SGA versus AGA infants <34 weeks (8 (6–12) versus 7 (5–10) days), and <29 weeks (14 (12–17) versus 11 (8–16) days). Conclusions: NEC, LOS and all-cause mortality rates were similar in preterm SGA versus AGA infants after RPS with Bifidobacterium breve M-16 V, but PAFF was higher in SGA infants.

AB - Introduction: Fecal bifidobacteria response after Bifidobacterium breve M-16 V supplementation was comparable in preterm small (SGA) versus appropriate for gestational age (AGA) infants. Objectives: To compare clinical outcomes between preterm SGA versus AGA infants after routine probiotic supplementation (RPS) with Bifidobacterium breve M-16V (3 × 109 CFU/day). Design: Retrospective cohort study (June 2012–August 2015) comparing outcomes between preterm (<34 weeks, subgroup: <29 weeks) SGA versus AGA infants after RPS with B. breve M-16 V using multivariable regression analysis. Primary outcome: necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC)≥Stage II/all-cause mortality. Secondary outcomes: NEC ≥ Stage II, all-cause mortality, late onset sepsis (LOS), postnatal age at full feeds (PAFF). Results: Outcomes in inborn 1380/1481 (162 SGA versus 1218 AGA) admissions were analyzed. Primary outcome “NEC ≥ Stage II /all-cause mortality” was higher in SGA versus AGA infants <29 weeks (21 versus 12%; p =.040), and showed trend toward reduction (8 versus 6%; p =.057) in AGA <34 weeks. NEC ≥ Stage II, LOS, and all-cause mortality was comparable in SGA versus AGA infants <34 weeks (3 versus 2, 9 versus 8, 9% versus 6%) and <29 weeks (5 versus 4, 16 versus 9, 18% versus 19%), respectively. Median (IQR) PAFF was significantly higher in SGA versus AGA infants <34 weeks (8 (6–12) versus 7 (5–10) days), and <29 weeks (14 (12–17) versus 11 (8–16) days). Conclusions: NEC, LOS and all-cause mortality rates were similar in preterm SGA versus AGA infants after RPS with Bifidobacterium breve M-16 V, but PAFF was higher in SGA infants.

KW - Bifidobacterium breve M-16 V

KW - preterm

KW - probiotic

KW - small for gestation age

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85057250598&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1080/14767058.2018.1543657

DO - 10.1080/14767058.2018.1543657

M3 - Article

JO - Journal of Maternal-Fetal and Neonatal Medicine

JF - Journal of Maternal-Fetal and Neonatal Medicine

SN - 1476-4954

ER -