OTFS-SCMA: A Downlink NOMA Scheme for Massive Connectivity in High Mobility Channels

Haifeng Wen, Weijie Yuan, Zilong Liu, Shuangyang Li

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)


This paper studies a downlink system that combines orthogonal-time-frequency-space (OTFS) modulation and sparse code multiple access (SCMA) to support massive connectivity in high-mobility environments. We propose a cross-domain receiver for the considered OTFS-SCMA system which efficiently carries out OTFS symbol estimation and SCMA decoding in a joint manner. This is done by iteratively passing the extrinsic information between the time domain and the delay-Doppler (DD) domain via the corresponding unitary transformation to ensure the principal orthogonality of errors from each domain. We show that the proposed OTFS-SCMA detection algorithm exists at a fixed point in the state evolution when it converges. To further enhance the error performance of the proposed OTFS-SCMA system, we investigate the cooperation between downlink users to exploit the diversity gains and develop a distributed cooperative detection (DCD) algorithm with the aid of belief consensus. Our numerical results demonstrate the effectiveness and convergence of the proposed algorithm and show an increased spectral efficiency compared to the conventional OTFS transmission.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5770-5784
Number of pages15
JournalIEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sept 2023


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