TY - JOUR

T1 - Oscillatory flow regimes for a circular cylinder near a plane boundary

AU - Xiong, Chengwang

AU - Cheng, Liang

AU - Tong, Feifei

AU - An, Hongwei

PY - 2018/6/10

Y1 - 2018/6/10

N2 - Oscillatory flow around a circular cylinder close to a plane boundary is numerically investigated at low-to-intermediate Keulegan-Carpenter (KC) and Stokes numbers () for different gap-to-diameter ratios (e\D). A set of unique flow regimes is observed and classified based on the established nomenclature in the (KC; β)-space. It is found that the flow is not only influenced by e\D but also by the ratio of the thickness of the Stokes boundary layer (δ) to the gap size (e). At relatively large δ\e values, vortex shedding through the gap is suppressed and vortices are only shed from the top of the cylinder. At intermediate values of δ\e, flow through the gap is enhanced, resulting in horizontal gap vortex shedding. As δ\e is further reduced below a critical value, the influence of δ\e becomes negligible and the flow is largely dependent on e\D. A hysteresis phenomenon is observed for the transitions in the flow regime. The physical mechanisms responsible for the hysteresis and the variation of marginal stability curves with e\D are explored at KC D 6 through specifically designed numerical simulations. The Stokes boundary layer over the plane boundary is found to be responsible for the relatively large hysteresis range over 0:25 < e\D < 1:0. Three mechanisms have been identified to the change of the marginal stability curve over e\D, which are the blockage effect due to the geometry setting, the favourable pressure gradient over the gap and the location of the leading eigenmode relative to the cylinder.

AB - Oscillatory flow around a circular cylinder close to a plane boundary is numerically investigated at low-to-intermediate Keulegan-Carpenter (KC) and Stokes numbers () for different gap-to-diameter ratios (e\D). A set of unique flow regimes is observed and classified based on the established nomenclature in the (KC; β)-space. It is found that the flow is not only influenced by e\D but also by the ratio of the thickness of the Stokes boundary layer (δ) to the gap size (e). At relatively large δ\e values, vortex shedding through the gap is suppressed and vortices are only shed from the top of the cylinder. At intermediate values of δ\e, flow through the gap is enhanced, resulting in horizontal gap vortex shedding. As δ\e is further reduced below a critical value, the influence of δ\e becomes negligible and the flow is largely dependent on e\D. A hysteresis phenomenon is observed for the transitions in the flow regime. The physical mechanisms responsible for the hysteresis and the variation of marginal stability curves with e\D are explored at KC D 6 through specifically designed numerical simulations. The Stokes boundary layer over the plane boundary is found to be responsible for the relatively large hysteresis range over 0:25 < e\D < 1:0. Three mechanisms have been identified to the change of the marginal stability curve over e\D, which are the blockage effect due to the geometry setting, the favourable pressure gradient over the gap and the location of the leading eigenmode relative to the cylinder.

KW - Absolute/convective instability

KW - boundary layer structure

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85044951200&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1017/jfm.2018.164

DO - 10.1017/jfm.2018.164

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85044951200

VL - 844

SP - 127

EP - 161

JO - Journal of Fluid Mechanics

JF - Journal of Fluid Mechanics

SN - 0022-1120

ER -