Organizational citizenship behavior, identification, psychological contract and leadership frames

Bang Nguyen, Kirk Chang, Chris Rowley, Arnold Japutra

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Citations (Scopus)


Purpose The purpose of this paper is to examine organizational citizenship behavior (OCB) by combining two heterogeneous perspectives, integrating OCB-related factors at work using both personal and organizational perspectives, thus contributing to the knowledge of OCB. Design/methodology/approach Two studies are conducted using surveys in Taiwan with a snowball sampling technique to enlarge participation. Study 1 analyzes the relationships between organizational identification (OID), expected psychological contract (PC), perceived PC (PPC) and OCB. Study 2 analyzes the relationship between OCB and principals' (or head teachers') leadership frames (LFs). Findings Study 1 finds that OID is an antecedent of OCB and that expected PC (EPC) moderates the OID-OCB relationship. Study 2 finds that the symbolic LF is the only antecedent of OCB and that different LFs influence each other in predicting OCB. EPC is found to moderate the OID-OCB relationship, indicating that primary school teachers' (PSTs) with higher levels of EPC are more likely to demonstrate OCB at school. Interestingly, PPC did not demonstrate such a moderating effect. Originality/value The study makes three contributions. First, the authors analyze composite OCB via identity and PC theories (Study 1). Second, the authors scrutinize specific aspects of OCB via leader-member-exchange and LF theories. These aspects include assisting colleagues, job commitment, working morale and non-selfish behavior (Study 2). Third, the authors increase understanding of PSTs' OCB, discussing important implications for school principals and human resource managers as well as perhaps others in similar sectors.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)260-280
Number of pages21
JournalAsia-Pacific Journal of Business Administration
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2016
Externally publishedYes


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