Orexin Signaling: A Complex, Multifaceted Process

Natasha C. Dale, Daniel Hoyer, Laura H. Jacobson, Kevin D.G. Pfleger, Elizabeth K.M. Johnstone

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)


The orexin system comprises two G protein-coupled receptors, OX1 and OX2 receptors (OX1R and OX2R, respectively), along with two endogenous agonists cleaved from a common precursor (prepro-orexin), orexin-A (OX-A) and orexin-B (OX-B). For the receptors, a complex array of signaling behaviors has been reported. In particular, it becomes obvious that orexin receptor coupling is very diverse and can be tissue-, cell- and context-dependent. Here, the early signal transduction interactions of the orexin receptors will be discussed in depth, with particular emphasis on the direct G protein interactions of each receptor. In doing so, it is evident that ligands, additional receptor-protein interactions and cellular environment all play important roles in the G protein coupling profiles of the orexin receptors. This has potential implications for our understanding of the orexin system’s function in vivo in both central and peripheral environments, as well as the development of novel agonists, antagonists and possibly allosteric modulators targeting the orexin system.

Original languageEnglish
Article number812359
JournalFrontiers in Cellular Neuroscience
Publication statusPublished - 13 Apr 2022

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