Orbital symmetry control of electronic coupling in a symmetrical, all-carbon-bridged "mixed valence" compound: Synthesis, spectroscopy, and electronic structure of [{Mo(dppe)(η-C7H7)}2(μ-C4)]n+ (n = 0, 1, or 2)

E.C. Fitzgerald, N.J. Brown, R. Edge, M. Helliwell, H.N. Roberts, F. Tuna, A. Beeby, D. Collison, Paul Low, M.W. Whiteley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

31 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The cycloheptatrienyl molybdenum alkynyl complex [Mo(C≡CH)(dppe)(η-C7H7)], 1 (dppe = Ph2PCH2CH2PPh2), undergoes oxidative dimerization on reaction with [FeCp2]PF6 in thf at −78 °C to give the bis(vinylidene) [{Mo(dppe)(η-C7H7)}2(μ-C═CH-CH═C)][PF6]2, [2][PF6]2. Deprotonation of [2][PF6]2 with KOBut yields butadiyndiyl-bridged [{Mo(dppe)(η-C7H7)}2(μ-C≡C-C≡C)], 3, which undergoes in situ aerial oxidation to give [{Mo(dppe)(η-C7H7)}2(μ-C4)][PF6], [3]PF6, as the major product. The cyclic voltammogram of [3]PF6 exhibits a series of four redox processes indicative of sequential formation of [{Mo(dppe)(η-C7H7)}2(μ-C4)]n+ (n = 0, 1, 2, 3, 4) with the comproportionation constant, KC, for [3]PF6 of 1.9 × 107. Spectroscopic investigations on [3]PF6 by IR, Raman, NIR, and EPR spectroscopy reveal properties characteristic of a d5/d6 mixed valence complex with a localized electronic structure and an estimated intramolecular electron transfer rate in the range 108–1010 s–1. The experimental NIR spectrum of [3]PF6 is consistent with the predicted spectral characteristics of a three-state model for bridge-mediated, electron transfer in a weakly coupled, symmetrical mixed valence system. The dication [3][PF6]2 was isolated by chemical oxidation and structurally characterized; magnetic susceptibility measurements on [3][PF6]2 in the temperature range 2–300 K reveal strong antiferromagnetic coupling with the exchange coupling constant Jab (defined according to the Hamiltonian Ĥspin = –Jab·Ŝa·Ŝb) determined as −406 (±3) cm–1.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)157−169
JournalOrganometallics
Volume31
Issue number1
Early online date12 Dec 2011
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 9 Jan 2012

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