Oral parafunction and bruxism in Rett syndrome and associated factors: An observational study

Yvonne Yee Lok Lai, Jenny Anne Downs, Kingsley Wong, Sobia Zafar, Laurence James Walsh, Helen Margaret Leonard

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)


Objectives To explore patterns of parafunction, and bruxism, and its relationships with genotype and snoring in individuals with Rett syndrome (RTT). Methods Retrospective observational data of those with confirmed MECP2 mutations in the InterRett database (n = 216) were used to investigate experience of parafunctional habits, and bruxism and their relationships with genotype and snoring using multivariable linear regression. Results The prevalence of parafunction was 98.2%. Bruxism was reported (66.2%) with the patterns mostly both diurnal and nocturnal (44.1%) and exclusively diurnal (42.7%). Compared to individuals with C-terminal deletion, individuals with p.Arg106Trp mutations were less likely to have bruxism reported (aOR = 0.15; 95% CI 0.02-0.98, p = 0.05) and those with p.Arg168* mutation were more likely to have frequent bruxism than none or occasional bruxism reported (aROR 3.4; 95% CI 1.1-10.7 p = 0.04). The relative odds of having nocturnal bruxism constantly, compared to none/occasionally, were higher among those 'always' snoring (aROR 6.24; 95% CI 2.1-18.2, p = 0.001) than those with no snoring. Conclusions There appeared to be genotypic association with bruxism in p.Arg168* and p.Arg106Trp mutations and association between nocturnal bruxism and frequent snoring in an international sample of individuals with RTT. Clinical significance of the high prevalence of bruxism should be highlighted in relation to difficulty communicating pain and increased dental treatment need in RTT.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)220-231
Number of pages12
JournalOral Diseases
Issue number1
Early online date27 Jun 2021
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2023


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