Oral health status among transgender young adults: a cross-sectional study

Kaur Manpreet, Mohammed B. Ajmal, Syed Ahmed Raheel, Mohammed C. Saleem, Khan Mubeen, Kamis Gaballah, Asmaa Faden, Omar Kujan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)


Background: Transgender and gender nonconforming (TGNC) people are a marginalized set of the population that continues to experience health care inequalities. This study aimed to assess oral health parameters including Candida growth and intensity among TGNC adults. Methods: This cross-sectional study recruited two subgroups: 40 transgender and 40 control adults. Consented participants were interviewed and clinically examined. Data using the WHO oral health assessment forms were obtained. Samples for Candida growth and intensity analysis were collected from the dorsum surface of the tongue. Results: 27.5% of the transgender group was HIV seropositive. Oral nicotine stomatitis and leukoplakia are reported to be the most prevalent intra-oral lesions showing a prevalence of 27.5% and 20%, respectively. The dental and periodontal health parameters of the transgender group were worse than those of the control group. The intensity of Candida colonies was significantly higher in the test group (p = 0.014). Conclusion: Poor oral health and significant oral mucosal disorders were reported in transgender adults that have shown a higher rate of behavioral risk factors such as tobacco and alcohol consumption. Further longitudinal studies in different world regions are warranted to understand the barriers to good oral health in transgender adults and how to implement effective prevention and management strategies.

Original languageEnglish
Article number575
JournalBMC Oral Health
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2021


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