Oral and oropharyngeal cancer in Oceania: Incidence, mortality, trends and gaps in public databases as presented to the Global Oral Cancer Forum

Katherine Victoria Pollaers, Omar Kujan, Newell Johnson, Camile Farah

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Abstract

Objectives:
Lip, oral cavity and oropharyngeal cancer (OCC-OPC) represents a significant global health burden. The epidemiology and prediction of future burden of these cancers in Oceania is reported along with a critical description of cancer registries in the region.
Methods:
Data are extracted from GLOBOCAN 2012 and from published literature, as well as from local cancer registries, where available.
Results:
In Oceania in 2012, GLOBOCAN estimates the age-standardized incidence rates per 100,000 per annum for OCC-OPC to be 12.6 and 5.9 for males and females, respectively. Age-standardized mortality rates are predicted to have been 4.0 per 100,000 for males and 2.2 per 100,000 for females. Papua New Guinea is recorded as having the highest incidence rate of OCC-OPC in the world. It is predicted that 6500 new cases of OCC-OPC will be diagnosed in Oceania overall by 2030, an almost 45% increase compared to the 2012 incidence.
Conclusion:
Future research and resource allocation is needed to establish or improve the quality of cancer registries in the island nations of Oceania. Prevention as a primary intervention should be promoted by local authorities to control the increasing burden of lip plus OCC-OPC in this region.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-8
Number of pages8
JournalTranslational Research in Oral Oncology
Volume2
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2017

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