Optimizing physiological dormancy break of understudied cold desert perennials to improve seed-based restoration

Olga Kildisheva, Todd Erickson, Andrea T. Kramer, Jacob Zeldin, David Merritt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

In degraded drylands, post-disturbance native plant community re-establishment is almost exclusively conducted using seeds. These restoration efforts are challenging, in large part as a result of a limited understanding of seed dormancy and germination traits. In this paper, we characterize these traits for four herbaceous perennials (Asteraceae) that are widely distributed and highly desired in the restoration of ecologically imperiled drylands of North America. We assess baseline germination and the effects of chemical stimulants across a suite of temperatures and quantify the influence of (1) cold stratification, (2) dry after-ripening, and (3) dry cold storage on germination.
Three months of cold stratification achieved near-maximum dormancy alleviation for all species. Exposure to warmer temperatures following stratification increased germination further, reducing the required stratification
length. Across all species, at least a third of seeds maintained at 3 ± 2 °C germinated, suggesting that in situ germination occurs in late winter or early spring. Changes in the thermal germination envelope were species dependent,
indicating different germination niches and strategies for population persistence. Dry after-ripening and cold storage improved germination, but responses were highly variable across species, temperature, and time. Chemical stimulants promoted germination in three species and may be an alternative to cold stratification or after-ripening.
Original languageEnglish
Article number104001
JournalJournal of Arid Environments
Volume170
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2019

Fingerprint

dormancy
deserts
germination
desert
seed
seeds
after-ripening
seed stratification
ripening
stratification
arid lands
cold storage
restoration
cold
seed dormancy
temperature
temperature profiles
Asteraceae
plant communities
seed germination

Cite this

@article{01a4e4d115fe46168e5b8cb97c248f2c,
title = "Optimizing physiological dormancy break of understudied cold desert perennials to improve seed-based restoration",
abstract = "In degraded drylands, post-disturbance native plant community re-establishment is almost exclusively conducted using seeds. These restoration efforts are challenging, in large part as a result of a limited understanding of seed dormancy and germination traits. In this paper, we characterize these traits for four herbaceous perennials (Asteraceae) that are widely distributed and highly desired in the restoration of ecologically imperiled drylands of North America. We assess baseline germination and the effects of chemical stimulants across a suite of temperatures and quantify the influence of (1) cold stratification, (2) dry after-ripening, and (3) dry cold storage on germination.Three months of cold stratification achieved near-maximum dormancy alleviation for all species. Exposure to warmer temperatures following stratification increased germination further, reducing the required stratificationlength. Across all species, at least a third of seeds maintained at 3 ± 2 °C germinated, suggesting that in situ germination occurs in late winter or early spring. Changes in the thermal germination envelope were species dependent,indicating different germination niches and strategies for population persistence. Dry after-ripening and cold storage improved germination, but responses were highly variable across species, temperature, and time. Chemical stimulants promoted germination in three species and may be an alternative to cold stratification or after-ripening.",
author = "Olga Kildisheva and Todd Erickson and Kramer, {Andrea T.} and Jacob Zeldin and David Merritt",
year = "2019",
month = "11",
doi = "10.1016/j.jaridenv.2019.104001",
language = "English",
volume = "170",
journal = "Arid Environments",
issn = "0140-1963",
publisher = "Academic Press",

}

Optimizing physiological dormancy break of understudied cold desert perennials to improve seed-based restoration. / Kildisheva, Olga; Erickson, Todd; Kramer, Andrea T.; Zeldin, Jacob; Merritt, David.

In: Journal of Arid Environments, Vol. 170, 104001, 11.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Optimizing physiological dormancy break of understudied cold desert perennials to improve seed-based restoration

AU - Kildisheva, Olga

AU - Erickson, Todd

AU - Kramer, Andrea T.

AU - Zeldin, Jacob

AU - Merritt, David

PY - 2019/11

Y1 - 2019/11

N2 - In degraded drylands, post-disturbance native plant community re-establishment is almost exclusively conducted using seeds. These restoration efforts are challenging, in large part as a result of a limited understanding of seed dormancy and germination traits. In this paper, we characterize these traits for four herbaceous perennials (Asteraceae) that are widely distributed and highly desired in the restoration of ecologically imperiled drylands of North America. We assess baseline germination and the effects of chemical stimulants across a suite of temperatures and quantify the influence of (1) cold stratification, (2) dry after-ripening, and (3) dry cold storage on germination.Three months of cold stratification achieved near-maximum dormancy alleviation for all species. Exposure to warmer temperatures following stratification increased germination further, reducing the required stratificationlength. Across all species, at least a third of seeds maintained at 3 ± 2 °C germinated, suggesting that in situ germination occurs in late winter or early spring. Changes in the thermal germination envelope were species dependent,indicating different germination niches and strategies for population persistence. Dry after-ripening and cold storage improved germination, but responses were highly variable across species, temperature, and time. Chemical stimulants promoted germination in three species and may be an alternative to cold stratification or after-ripening.

AB - In degraded drylands, post-disturbance native plant community re-establishment is almost exclusively conducted using seeds. These restoration efforts are challenging, in large part as a result of a limited understanding of seed dormancy and germination traits. In this paper, we characterize these traits for four herbaceous perennials (Asteraceae) that are widely distributed and highly desired in the restoration of ecologically imperiled drylands of North America. We assess baseline germination and the effects of chemical stimulants across a suite of temperatures and quantify the influence of (1) cold stratification, (2) dry after-ripening, and (3) dry cold storage on germination.Three months of cold stratification achieved near-maximum dormancy alleviation for all species. Exposure to warmer temperatures following stratification increased germination further, reducing the required stratificationlength. Across all species, at least a third of seeds maintained at 3 ± 2 °C germinated, suggesting that in situ germination occurs in late winter or early spring. Changes in the thermal germination envelope were species dependent,indicating different germination niches and strategies for population persistence. Dry after-ripening and cold storage improved germination, but responses were highly variable across species, temperature, and time. Chemical stimulants promoted germination in three species and may be an alternative to cold stratification or after-ripening.

U2 - 10.1016/j.jaridenv.2019.104001

DO - 10.1016/j.jaridenv.2019.104001

M3 - Article

VL - 170

JO - Arid Environments

JF - Arid Environments

SN - 0140-1963

M1 - 104001

ER -