Optimising a 6-plex tetanus-diphtheria-pertussis fluorescent bead-based immunoassay

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Abstract

Small volume assays are required for large-scale research studies and in particular paediatric trials, where multiple measures are required from a single sample. Fluorescent bead-based technology (Bioplex/Luminex) allows high through-put and simultaneous quantification of multiple analytes in a single test. This technology uses sets of microspheres, each with a unique spectral address that can be coated with a different antigen of interest. Following the addition of a detector antibody, specific for the isotype of interest and labelled with R-Phycoerythrin, the bioplex reader determines the amounts of antigen-specific antibodies in each test sample relative to a reference standard. Here we outline the optimisations undertaken to establish a 6-plex fluorescent bead-based immunoassay that can accurately measure human IgG to individual tetanus-diphtheria-acellular pertussis (Tdap) antigens from 2 to 4 ul of human serum/ plasma. This protocol was adapted from previously published methods and aligns with current recommendations for developing pertussis-serological assays. To our knowledge, this is the first Tdap-specific multiplex immunoassay (MIA) established in Australia. All components were optimised and validated in-house including: microsphere preparation conditions, reference serum and QC development, and assay running. • Determining optimal antigen coating dose and conjugation method. • Optimising an in-house reference serum with clinically relevant titres. • Determining assay specificity and reproducibility.

Original languageEnglish
Article number101360
JournalMethodsX
Volume8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2021

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