Oppositional defiant disorder

A. Fraser, John Wray

    Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

    4 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    BackgroundOppositional defiant disorder (ODD) is defined as a repetitive and persistent pattern of opposition, defiant, disobedient and disruptive behaviours toward authority figures persisting for at least 6 months.ObjectiveThis article reviews the nature of ODD, its relationship to attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and conduct disorder, and considers the management options available to general practitioners.DiscussionMany of the behaviours required to meet this diagnosis are not uncommon in the preschool child or adolescent. However, in children with ODD the behaviours are persistent, cause significant distress to the family system, and impact on the child's social and educational functioning. Oppositional defiant disorder usually presents in the preschool years, although it may become evident during adolescence. There is strong evidence that early intervention to increase positive factors in family relationships and to increase both the parents' and child's skill levels can assist in the prevention of more serious disorders and mental health issues.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)402-405
    JournalAustralian Family Physician
    Volume37
    Issue number6
    Publication statusPublished - 2008

    Fingerprint

    Attention Deficit and Disruptive Behavior Disorders
    Conduct Disorder
    Family Relations
    Preschool Children
    Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity
    General Practitioners
    Mental Health
    Parents

    Cite this

    Fraser, A. ; Wray, John. / Oppositional defiant disorder. In: Australian Family Physician. 2008 ; Vol. 37, No. 6. pp. 402-405.
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    Fraser, A & Wray, J 2008, 'Oppositional defiant disorder' Australian Family Physician, vol. 37, no. 6, pp. 402-405.

    Oppositional defiant disorder. / Fraser, A.; Wray, John.

    In: Australian Family Physician, Vol. 37, No. 6, 2008, p. 402-405.

    Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

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    AU - Fraser, A.

    AU - Wray, John

    PY - 2008

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    AB - BackgroundOppositional defiant disorder (ODD) is defined as a repetitive and persistent pattern of opposition, defiant, disobedient and disruptive behaviours toward authority figures persisting for at least 6 months.ObjectiveThis article reviews the nature of ODD, its relationship to attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and conduct disorder, and considers the management options available to general practitioners.DiscussionMany of the behaviours required to meet this diagnosis are not uncommon in the preschool child or adolescent. However, in children with ODD the behaviours are persistent, cause significant distress to the family system, and impact on the child's social and educational functioning. Oppositional defiant disorder usually presents in the preschool years, although it may become evident during adolescence. There is strong evidence that early intervention to increase positive factors in family relationships and to increase both the parents' and child's skill levels can assist in the prevention of more serious disorders and mental health issues.

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