Diabetes mellitus is a common chronic disease and a leading cause of vision loss and blindness globally. This thesis focused on understanding risk factors associated with ophthalmic complications, from cataracts to diabetic retinopathy, in people with type2 diabetes, using data from the community-based Fremantle Diabetes Study Phase II. Many risk factors and ethnic disparities were identified. Of particular interest, diabetic retinopathy was independently associated with macrovascular complications including stroke and carotid disease. Furthermore, retinal vasculature assessed using novel optical coherence tomography angiography was independently associated with carotid disease. Those with diabetic retinopathy may benefit from appropriately intensive cardiovascular management.
|Qualification||Doctor of Philosophy|
|Award date||12 May 2021|
|Publication status||Unpublished - 2020|