Open coraco-clavicular ligament reconstruction (CCLR) in treatment of displaced distal clavicle fractures has low complication rate and excellent union rate: a systematic review

S.S. Malik, Sheraz Malik, M. Tahir, R.W. Jordan, H. Laprus, P. D’Alessandro

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Background It is well established that non-operative treatment of displaced distal clavicle fractures (DDCF) leads to a high non-union rate. A number of open surgical treatments in the past have shown good to excellent outcomes including shoulder function and union rate. Despite this there is no consensus on the outcome of open coraco-clavicular ligament reconstruction(CCLR). The aim of this systematic review was to assess the union rate, complications and shoulder function of open CCLR techniques in the treatment of DDCF.
Patients and methods A review of the online databases MEDLINE and Embase was conducted on 1 January 2021 according to PRISMA guidelines. The review was registered prospectively in the PROSPERO database. Clinical studies reporting union rate, complications and shoulder function were included. The studies were appraised using the Methodological Index for Non-Randomized Studies (MINORS) tool.
Results The search strategy identified 18 studies eligible for inclusion with a total of 330 patients. These included 12 retrospective case series and 5 nonrandomized retrospective comparative studies and one RCT. All but one study reported on shoulder function, while all the studies reported on union rate and complications. The overall shoulder function was good to excellent using Constant–Murley score. The overall union rate was 97.6% and complication rate was 7.6%.
Conclusion Open CCLR for displaced distal clavicle fractures that have a disruption of CC ligament, is a reliable treatment with excellent union rate and good to excellent shoulder functional scores.
Level of evidence IV; Systematic review.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1459-1477
Number of pages19
JournalArchives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
Volume143
Issue number3
Early online date18 Feb 2022
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2023
Externally publishedYes

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