## Abstract

Alexandrov’s Soap Bubble Theorem dates back to 1958 and states that a compact embedded hypersurface in ℝ^{N} with constant mean curvature must be a sphere. For its proof, A. D. Alexandrov invented his reflection principle. In 1977, R. Reilly gave an alternative proof, based on integral identities and inequalities, connected with the torsional rigidity of a bar. In this article we study the stability of the spherical symmetry: the question is how near is a hypersurface to a sphere, when its mean curvature is near to a constant in some norm. We present a stability estimate that states that a compact hypersurface Γ ⊂ ℝ^{N} can be contained in a spherical annulus whose interior and exterior radii, say ρ_{i} and ρ_{e}, satisfy the inequality ρe−ρi≤C∥H−H0∥L1(Γ)τN, where τ_{N} = 1/2 if N = 2, 3, and τ_{N} = 1/(N + 2) if N ≥ 4. Here, H is the mean curvature of Γ, H_{0} is some reference constant, and C is a constant that depends on some geometrical and spectral parameters associated with Γ. This estimate improves previous results in the literature under various aspects. We also present similar estimates for some related overdetermined problems.

Original language | English |
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Pages (from-to) | 179-205 |

Number of pages | 27 |

Journal | Journal d'Analyse Mathematique |

Volume | 139 |

Issue number | 1 |

DOIs | |

Publication status | Published - 9 Oct 2019 |