On the scaling of turbulence in a high Reynolds number tidal flow

Ian Milne, J. Michael R. Graham, Daniel Coles

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Abstract

Data from an energetic tidal flow are used to investigate the appropriateness of the classical scaling of wall turbulence for very high Reynolds numbers and fully rough conditions. The boundary layer occupied the entire channel depth and the Reynolds numbers were several orders of magnitude larger than typically attained in the laboratory. Profiles of the mean velocity, turbulence quantities and spectra exhibit consistencies with the wall-similarity hypothesis and the attached-eddy model, as well as the universality of the near-wall turbulence structure for geophysical flows. The wall-normal velocity spectra and intensities near the free surface are also strongly attenuated at low wavenumbers, consistent with the constraints imposed by any boundary which may be approximated as a plane slip surface. The results can be used to inform the development of turbulence inflow models for assessing the dynamic loading on tidal turbines and the layout of tidal energy farms.
Original languageEnglish
Article numberA104
JournalJournal of Fluid Mechanics
Volume915
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021

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