On the History of Conveyance Voice in Some Dusun Languages

Sheldon Harrison

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference paperConference paperpeer-review


The forms of the four voice paradigm reconstructed for Proto-Malayo-Polynesian are reflected in such Dusun languages as Kimaragang and Labuk (Eastern) Kadazan. In others, like Central Dusun and Coastal Kadazan, reflexes of the Proto-MalayoPolynesian conveyance voice prefix *i- are absent. This paper presents a historical account of those observations. It first shows that the FUNCTIONS of conveyance voice are served by patient voice causative forms in po- -on in those Dusun languages in which *i- has been lost. It then suggests that the catalyst for this replacement was the fortuitous functional equivalence of conveyance voice and patient voice causatives with motion and stance verbs. That innovation was not the creation of a new conveyance voice circumfix po- -on, but of an innovative voice paradigm, causative in form and with conveyed theme semantics. The emergence of that paradigm provides an account of the origin of the po-/poN- alternations that Kroeger has described as undergoer affectedness marking.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 2012 Conference of the Australian Linguistic Society
EditorsJohn Henderson, Marie-Eve Ritz, Celeste Rodríguez Louro
Place of PublicationPerth
PublisherAustralian Linguistic Society
ISBN (Electronic)9780980281552
Publication statusPublished - 2013
Event2012 Australian Linguistic Society Conference - Perth, Australia
Duration: 5 Dec 20127 Dec 2012


Conference2012 Australian Linguistic Society Conference


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