Omega-3 Fatty acids-3 fatty acid ethyl esters diminish postprandial lipemia in familial hypercholesterolemia

Dick Chan, Jing Pang, Hugh Barrett, D.R. Sullivan, John Burnett, Frank Van Bockxmeer, Gerald Watts

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Abstract

© 2016 by the Endocrine Society. CONTEXT: Impaired postprandial chylomicron metabolism induces hypertriglyceridemia and may increase the risk of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease. Omega-3 fatty acid ethyl ester (ω-3 FAEE) supplementation decreases plasma triglycerides. However, its effect on postprandial chylomicron metabolism in familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) has not yet been investigated. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to examine the effect of ω-3 FAEE supplementation on postprandial responses in plasma triglycerides, very-low-density lipoprotein (VLDL) apolipoprotein B (apoB)-100, and apoB-48 in FH patients receiving standard cholesterol-lowering treatment. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PATIENTS: We carried out an 8-week open-label, randomized, crossover intervention trial to test the effect of oral supplementation with 4 g/d ω-3 FAEE (46% eicosapentaenoic acid and 38% docosahexaenoic acid) on postprandial triglyceride, VLDL-apoB-100, and apoB-48 responses in FH patients after ingestion of an oral fat load. OUTCOMES MEASURES: Plasma total and incremental triglyceride, VLDL-apoB-100, and apoB-48 0- to 10-hour area under the curve (AUC). RESULTS: ω-3 FAEE supplementation significantly (P <.05 in all) reduced concentrations of fasting plasma triglyceride (-20%), apoB (-8%), VLDL-apoB-100 (-26%), and apoB-48 (-36%); as well as systolic blood pressure (-6%) and diastolic blood pressure (-6%). Postprandial triglyceride and VLDL-apoB-100 total AUCs (-19% and -26%, respectively; P <.01) and incremental AUCs (-18% and -35%, respectively; P <.05), as well as postprandial apoB-48 total AUC (-30%; P <.02) were significantly reduced by ω-3 FAEE supplementation. CONCLUSION: Supplementation with ω-3 FAEEs improves postprandial lipemia in FH patients receiving standard care; this may have implications for further reducing atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease in this high-risk patient group.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3732-3739
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
Volume101
Issue number10
Early online date4 Aug 2016
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2016

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