Oceanic forcing of coral reefs

Ryan Lowe, James Falter

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    147 Citations (Scopus)


    Copyright © 2015 by Annual Reviews. All rights reserved. Although the oceans play a fundamental role in shaping the distribution and function of coral reefs worldwide, a modern understanding of the complex interactions between ocean and reef processes is still only emerging. These dynamics are especially challenging owing to both the broad range of spatial scales (less than a meter to hundreds of kilometers) and the complex physical and biological feedbacks involved. Here, we review recent advances in our understanding of these processes, ranging from the small-scale mechanics of flow around coral communities and their influence on nutrient exchange to larger, reef-scale patterns of wave- and tide-driven circulation and their effects on reef water quality and perceived rates of metabolism. We also examine regional-scale drivers of reefs such as coastal upwelling, internal waves, and extreme disturbances such as cyclones. Our goal is to show how a wide range of ocean-driven processes ultimately shape the growth and metabolism of coral reefs.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)43-66
    JournalAnnual Review of Marine Science
    Publication statusPublished - 2015


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