Occurrence of the Andean strain of potato virus S in imported potato material and its effects on potato cultivars

CHRISTINE A. DOLBY, R. A.C. JONES

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23 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Infection with potato virus S Andean (PVSA) and ordinary (PVSo) strains was found in potato breeder's selection No. 8163‐511 imported from West Germany; the two PVS strains were differentiated by their reactions on Chenopodium quinoaTests on potato leaf samples using enzyme‐linked immunosorbent assay followed by inoculation to Cquinoa were subsequently used to detect PVSA and PVSo in a large‐scale survey of imported and domestic potato material. PVSA was detected in breeders' selections and cultivars imported from the Netherlands and West Germany, but not in domestic certified seed potato stocks or farmers' once‐grown stocks. PVSo was found in both imported and domestic certified stocks, but infection was commoner in the imported ones. When plants of C. quinoa, C. amaranticolor, C. murale and Nicotiana debneyi were inoculated with four isolates of PVSA, one induced mild symptoms while the reactions of the others ranged from moderate to severe. When plants of different potato cultivars were inoculated with three isolates, the plants were mostly infected without symptoms. However, when tubers from some were grown on, the progeny plants of most of the different combinations of cultivar and isolate of PVSA developed one or more of the following symptoms: vein deepening, rugosity, interveinal chlorosis, premature senescence and early loss of lower leaves.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)381-388
Number of pages8
JournalPlant Pathology
Volume36
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 1987
Externally publishedYes

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