Occupational exposures to engine exhausts and other PAHs and breast cancer risk: A population-based case-control study

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Abstract

© 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Background: Some previous studies have suggested that exposure to engine exhausts may increase risk of breast cancer. Methods: In a population-based case-control study of breast cancer in Western Australia we assessed occupational exposure to engine exhausts using questionnaires and telephone interviews. Odds Ratios (OR) and 95% Confidence Intervals (CI) were calculated using logistic regression. Results: We found no association between risk of breast cancer and occupational exposure to diesel exhaust (OR 1.07, 95%CI: 0.81-1.41), gasoline exhaust (OR 0.98, 95%CI: 0.74-1.28), or other exhausts (OR 1.08, 95%CI: 0.29-4.08). There were also no significant dose- or duration-response relationships. Conclusions: This study did not find evidence supporting the association between occupational exposures to engine exhausts and breast cancer risk.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)437-444
JournalAmerican Journal of Industrial Medicine
Volume59
Issue number6
Early online date20 Apr 2016
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2016

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Vehicle Emissions
Occupational Exposure
Case-Control Studies
Odds Ratio
Confidence Intervals
Breast Neoplasms
Population
Gasoline
Western Australia
Logistic Models
Interviews

Cite this

@article{c1bda474896e4eed8e7b51d80a0c9012,
title = "Occupational exposures to engine exhausts and other PAHs and breast cancer risk: A population-based case-control study",
abstract = "{\circledC} 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Background: Some previous studies have suggested that exposure to engine exhausts may increase risk of breast cancer. Methods: In a population-based case-control study of breast cancer in Western Australia we assessed occupational exposure to engine exhausts using questionnaires and telephone interviews. Odds Ratios (OR) and 95{\%} Confidence Intervals (CI) were calculated using logistic regression. Results: We found no association between risk of breast cancer and occupational exposure to diesel exhaust (OR 1.07, 95{\%}CI: 0.81-1.41), gasoline exhaust (OR 0.98, 95{\%}CI: 0.74-1.28), or other exhausts (OR 1.08, 95{\%}CI: 0.29-4.08). There were also no significant dose- or duration-response relationships. Conclusions: This study did not find evidence supporting the association between occupational exposures to engine exhausts and breast cancer risk.",
author = "R. Rai and D.C. Glass and Jane Heyworth and Christobel Saunders and Lin Fritschi",
year = "2016",
month = "6",
doi = "10.1002/ajim.22592",
language = "English",
volume = "59",
pages = "437--444",
journal = "American Journal of Industrial Medicine",
issn = "0271-3586",
publisher = "Wiley-Liss",
number = "6",

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TY - JOUR

T1 - Occupational exposures to engine exhausts and other PAHs and breast cancer risk: A population-based case-control study

AU - Rai, R.

AU - Glass, D.C.

AU - Heyworth, Jane

AU - Saunders, Christobel

AU - Fritschi, Lin

PY - 2016/6

Y1 - 2016/6

N2 - © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Background: Some previous studies have suggested that exposure to engine exhausts may increase risk of breast cancer. Methods: In a population-based case-control study of breast cancer in Western Australia we assessed occupational exposure to engine exhausts using questionnaires and telephone interviews. Odds Ratios (OR) and 95% Confidence Intervals (CI) were calculated using logistic regression. Results: We found no association between risk of breast cancer and occupational exposure to diesel exhaust (OR 1.07, 95%CI: 0.81-1.41), gasoline exhaust (OR 0.98, 95%CI: 0.74-1.28), or other exhausts (OR 1.08, 95%CI: 0.29-4.08). There were also no significant dose- or duration-response relationships. Conclusions: This study did not find evidence supporting the association between occupational exposures to engine exhausts and breast cancer risk.

AB - © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Background: Some previous studies have suggested that exposure to engine exhausts may increase risk of breast cancer. Methods: In a population-based case-control study of breast cancer in Western Australia we assessed occupational exposure to engine exhausts using questionnaires and telephone interviews. Odds Ratios (OR) and 95% Confidence Intervals (CI) were calculated using logistic regression. Results: We found no association between risk of breast cancer and occupational exposure to diesel exhaust (OR 1.07, 95%CI: 0.81-1.41), gasoline exhaust (OR 0.98, 95%CI: 0.74-1.28), or other exhausts (OR 1.08, 95%CI: 0.29-4.08). There were also no significant dose- or duration-response relationships. Conclusions: This study did not find evidence supporting the association between occupational exposures to engine exhausts and breast cancer risk.

U2 - 10.1002/ajim.22592

DO - 10.1002/ajim.22592

M3 - Article

VL - 59

SP - 437

EP - 444

JO - American Journal of Industrial Medicine

JF - American Journal of Industrial Medicine

SN - 0271-3586

IS - 6

ER -