Observation of the fundamental Nyquist noise limit in an ultra-high Q-factor cryogenic bulk acoustic wave cavity

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    Abstract

    © 2014 AIP Publishing LLC. Thermal Nyquist noise fluctuations of high-Q bulk acoustic wave cavities have been observed at cryogenic temperatures with a DC superconducting quantum interference device amplifier. High Q modes with bandwidths of few tens of milliHz produce thermal fluctuations with a signal-to-noise ratio of up to 23 dB. The estimated effective temperature from the Nyquist noise is in good agreement with the physical temperature of the device, confirming the validity of the equivalent circuit model and the non-existence of any excess resonator self-noise. The measurements also confirm that the quality factor remains extremely high (Q > 108 at low order overtones) for very weak (thermal) system motion at low temperatures, when compared to values measured with relatively strong external excitation. This result represents an enabling step towards operating such a high-Q acoustic device at the standard quantum limit.
    Original languageEnglish
    Article number153505
    Pages (from-to)153505 1-5
    Number of pages5
    JournalApplied Physics Letters
    Volume105
    Issue number15
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 13 Oct 2014

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    cryogenics
    Q factors
    cavities
    acoustics
    cryogenic temperature
    equivalent circuits
    signal to noise ratios
    amplifiers
    direct current
    resonators
    bandwidth
    interference
    harmonics
    temperature
    excitation

    Cite this

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    title = "Observation of the fundamental Nyquist noise limit in an ultra-high Q-factor cryogenic bulk acoustic wave cavity",
    abstract = "{\circledC} 2014 AIP Publishing LLC. Thermal Nyquist noise fluctuations of high-Q bulk acoustic wave cavities have been observed at cryogenic temperatures with a DC superconducting quantum interference device amplifier. High Q modes with bandwidths of few tens of milliHz produce thermal fluctuations with a signal-to-noise ratio of up to 23 dB. The estimated effective temperature from the Nyquist noise is in good agreement with the physical temperature of the device, confirming the validity of the equivalent circuit model and the non-existence of any excess resonator self-noise. The measurements also confirm that the quality factor remains extremely high (Q > 108 at low order overtones) for very weak (thermal) system motion at low temperatures, when compared to values measured with relatively strong external excitation. This result represents an enabling step towards operating such a high-Q acoustic device at the standard quantum limit.",
    author = "Maxim Goryachev and Eugene Ivanov and {Van Kann}, Frank and S. Galliou and Michael Tobar",
    year = "2014",
    month = "10",
    day = "13",
    doi = "10.1063/1.4898813",
    language = "English",
    volume = "105",
    pages = "153505 1--5",
    journal = "Applied Physics Letters",
    issn = "0003-6951",
    publisher = "ACOUSTICAL SOC AMER AMER INST PHYSICS",
    number = "15",

    }

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - Observation of the fundamental Nyquist noise limit in an ultra-high Q-factor cryogenic bulk acoustic wave cavity

    AU - Goryachev, Maxim

    AU - Ivanov, Eugene

    AU - Van Kann, Frank

    AU - Galliou, S.

    AU - Tobar, Michael

    PY - 2014/10/13

    Y1 - 2014/10/13

    N2 - © 2014 AIP Publishing LLC. Thermal Nyquist noise fluctuations of high-Q bulk acoustic wave cavities have been observed at cryogenic temperatures with a DC superconducting quantum interference device amplifier. High Q modes with bandwidths of few tens of milliHz produce thermal fluctuations with a signal-to-noise ratio of up to 23 dB. The estimated effective temperature from the Nyquist noise is in good agreement with the physical temperature of the device, confirming the validity of the equivalent circuit model and the non-existence of any excess resonator self-noise. The measurements also confirm that the quality factor remains extremely high (Q > 108 at low order overtones) for very weak (thermal) system motion at low temperatures, when compared to values measured with relatively strong external excitation. This result represents an enabling step towards operating such a high-Q acoustic device at the standard quantum limit.

    AB - © 2014 AIP Publishing LLC. Thermal Nyquist noise fluctuations of high-Q bulk acoustic wave cavities have been observed at cryogenic temperatures with a DC superconducting quantum interference device amplifier. High Q modes with bandwidths of few tens of milliHz produce thermal fluctuations with a signal-to-noise ratio of up to 23 dB. The estimated effective temperature from the Nyquist noise is in good agreement with the physical temperature of the device, confirming the validity of the equivalent circuit model and the non-existence of any excess resonator self-noise. The measurements also confirm that the quality factor remains extremely high (Q > 108 at low order overtones) for very weak (thermal) system motion at low temperatures, when compared to values measured with relatively strong external excitation. This result represents an enabling step towards operating such a high-Q acoustic device at the standard quantum limit.

    U2 - 10.1063/1.4898813

    DO - 10.1063/1.4898813

    M3 - Article

    VL - 105

    SP - 1535051

    EP - 1535055

    JO - Applied Physics Letters

    JF - Applied Physics Letters

    SN - 0003-6951

    IS - 15

    M1 - 153505

    ER -