Numerical simulation of caisson installation and dissipation in kaolin clay and calcareous silt

Kai Xiang Koh, Dong Wang, Muhammad Shazzad Hossain

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    7 Citations (Scopus)


    Caissons are widely used to support fixed platforms in shallow water or moor floating platforms in deep water. Although the installation and pullout behaviours of caissons have been explored extensively, few studies are on the dissipation of excess pore pressures induced by installation of the caisson. The pull-out capacity or bearing capacity of the caisson under undrained conditions is enhanced by dissipation of excess pore pressure, given the caisson is installed in normally consolidated cohesive soil. This paper reports numerical simulations of caisson installation and the subsequent dissipation. The analyses were carried out using a coupled effective stress-pore pressure large deformation finite element (LDFE) approach incorporating the modified Cam-Clay model. The robustness of the LDFE model was validated by comparing the penetration resistance with centrifuge testing data and the guidelines. Caissons in two fine grained soils, kaolin clay and calcareous silt, were explored. The geometry of the caisson was varied to encompass the typical sizes of caissons. The dissipation responses at four locations near the caisson tip were interpreted. A normalised dissipation time around caissons is proposed, by modifying the conventional expression for a cone.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)953-962
    Number of pages10
    JournalBulletin of Engineering Geology and the Environment
    Issue number3
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2018


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