Numerical investigation of penetration of a large-diameter footing into normally consolidated kaolin clay with a consolidation phase

D. Wang, B. Bienen

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    16 Citations (Scopus)
    434 Downloads (Pure)

    Abstract

    © 2016, ICE Publishing. All rights reserved.
    Jack-up installation is typically discontinuous with seawater ballast being taken on and shed again periodically to elevate the hull out of the ocean as the spudcan footings penetrate the soil. Any pauses in the footing penetration provide the opportunity for consolidation to occur in sufficiently permeable cohesive soils. The undrained shear strength underneath the spudcan is increased during consolidation, which enhances the penetration resistance within a limited extent immediately after the consolidation. This phenomenon has been explored in a limited number of centrifuge tests, but cannot be reproduced using conventional finite-element methods. An effective stress large-deformation finiteelement approach based on periodic mesh regeneration is employed to capture the entire process of ‘penetration-consolidation-penetration’, with the modified Cam-clay model being incorporated to represent the behaviour of normally consolidated kaolin clays. The numerical model established is verified by comparison with two series of centrifuge tests before exploring the influence of key parameters, including consolidation depth, consolidation duration, coefficient of consolidations, anisotropy of permeability and loads held during consolidation. The normalised consolidation duration is identified as the dominant factor that affects the post-consolidation peak in penetration resistance. A simple method is proposed to estimate the post-consolidation penetration resistance.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)947-952
    JournalGeotechnique
    Volume66
    Issue number11
    Early online date1 Jul 2016
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Nov 2016

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