Numerical investigation of novel dynamic installed fish anchors in clay and calcareous silt

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This paper reports the results from three-dimensional dynamic finite element analysis undertaken to provide insight into the behaviour of a novel dynamically installed anchor (DIA), termed as fish DIA, during dynamic installation and monotonic pullout in non-homogeneous clay and calcareous silt. The fish DIA has an elliptic-shaped shaft, which reduces hydrodynamic drag resistance. The shaft is shaped to be thicker near the head to lower the mass centroid, and increase its diving potential with a specialised padeye position. A series of large deformation finite element analyses have been carried out considering the relevant range of parameters in terms of soil undrained shear strength; impact velocity, padeye offset ratio and pullout angle. Considering the difference in soil undrained shear strength, and DIA dimensions and mass; overall anchor tip embedment depths of the fish DIA lied in the range of that of the OMNI-Max DIA. The tracked anchor trajectory confirmed that, compared to the OMNI-Max DIA, the fish DIA dove deeper and earlier for a wide range of padeye offset ratio. These are more critical and beneficial for calcareous silt where the achieved embedment depths are generally lower compared to those in clay.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)29-39
Number of pages11
JournalOcean Engineering
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2018


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