Normal oral flora and the oral ecosystem

Lakshman P Samaranayake, Victor Haruo Matsubara

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The oral ecosystem comprises the oral flora, so-called oral microbiome, the different anatomic microniches of the oral cavity, and its bathing fluid, saliva. The oral microbiome comprises a group of organisms and includes bacteria, archaea, fungi, protozoa, and viruses. The oral microbiome exists suspended in saliva as planktonic phase organisms or attached to oral surfaces as a plaque biofilm. Homeostasis of the plaque biofilm and its symbiotic relationship with the host is critical for oral health. Disequilibrium or dysbiosis within the plaque biofilms is the initiating event that leads to major oral diseases, such as caries and periodontal disease. © 2017 Elsevier Inc.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)199-215
JournalDental Clinics of North America
Volume61
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 14 Jan 2017
Externally publishedYes

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Microbiota
Biofilms
Ecosystem
Saliva
Mouth Diseases
Dysbiosis
Archaea
Oral Health
Periodontal Diseases
Mouth
Homeostasis
Fungi
Viruses
Bacteria

Cite this

Samaranayake, Lakshman P ; Haruo Matsubara, Victor. / Normal oral flora and the oral ecosystem. In: Dental Clinics of North America. 2017 ; Vol. 61, No. 2. pp. 199-215.
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Normal oral flora and the oral ecosystem. / Samaranayake, Lakshman P; Haruo Matsubara, Victor.

In: Dental Clinics of North America, Vol. 61, No. 2, 14.01.2017, p. 199-215.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

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