Nonlocal Minimal Graphs in the Plane are Generically Sticky

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Abstract

We prove that nonlocal minimal graphs in the plane exhibit generically stickiness effects and boundary discontinuities. More precisely, we show that if a nonlocal minimal graph in a slab is continuous up to the boundary, then arbitrarily small perturbations of the far-away data produce boundary discontinuities. Hence, either a nonlocal minimal graph is discontinuous at the boundary, or a small perturbation of the prescribed conditions produces boundary discontinuities. The proof relies on a sliding method combined with a fine boundary regularity analysis, based on a discontinuity/smoothness alternative. Namely, we establish that nonlocal minimal graphs are either discontinuous at the boundary or their derivative is Hölder continuous up to the boundary. In this spirit, we prove that the boundary regularity of nonlocal minimal graphs in the plane “jumps” from discontinuous to C1 , γ, with no intermediate possibilities allowed. In particular, we deduce that the nonlocal curvature equation is always satisfied up to the boundary. As an interesting byproduct of our analysis, one obtains a detailed understanding of the “switch” between the regime of continuous (and hence differentiable) nonlocal minimal graphs to that of discontinuous (and hence with differentiable inverse) ones.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2005-2063
Number of pages59
JournalCommunications in Mathematical Physics
Volume376
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2020

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