Noninvasive Cardiovascular Imaging: Emergence of a Powerful Tool for Early Identification of Cardiovascular Risk in People Living With HIV

Timothy Ryan, Jacquita S. Affandi, Nestor Gahungu, Girish Dwivedi

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Antiretroviral therapy (ART) has been pivotal in prolonging the lifespan of people living with HIV (PLWH). However, this also simultaneously increases their risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) either related to ART, aging, hypertension, immunosenescence, inflammation, immune activation, or other comorbidities. Although the use of risk markers has greatly enhanced the field of cardiovascular (CV) medicine and improved the prognosis and early diagnosis in the general population, this strategy has not been clearly elucidated in PLWH. Developing accurate risk algorithms for PLWH requires an innate understanding of mechanistic factors influencing their risks. Early identification of CV risk will significantly enhance the prospects of PLWH living longer and relatively healthily. Herein, we discuss the use of multimodality noninvasive CV imaging as robust markers for ameliorating CV risk. The ability to prognosticate CV risk and hence prevent CV events in PLWH would represent an important advance in CV medicine, allowing precise detection and early institution of preventative strategies. Using novel CV imaging modalities and strategies would have a positive impact on precision medicine in this patient cohort.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)260-269
Number of pages10
JournalCanadian Journal of Cardiology
Volume35
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2019

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