Background: Elevated left ventricular filling pressure after acute myocardial infarction (AMI) may be identified using clinical assessment, echocardiography, and B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) levels. All of these predict outcome in this setting. There are, however, no data assessing their relative prognostic value. The current study addresses this. Methods: Four hundred patients underwent detailed echocardiography and measurement of BNP levels after AMI (median 1 day). The study end points were (1) a composite of death, recurrent AMI, and/or admission to hospital with heart failure within 1 year and (2) all-cause mortality during medium-term follow-up (median 2.9 years). Results: Both an elevated ratio of early transmitral flow to early mitral annulus velocity (E/e') and higher BNP levels were associated with an increased risk of an adverse event within the first year (odds ratio 6.14 for E/e' >15, P <.001; odds ratio 1.19 per 50-pg/mL increase in BNP, P <.001) and medium-term mortality (hazard ratio 4.67 for E/e' >15, P <.001; hazard ratio 1.10 per 50-pg/mL increase in BNP, P <.001). Among patients with BNP levels higher than the median or in the upper quartile, an E/e' ratio >15 identified a subgroup at greatest risk of mortality (P <.001 for both). Conclusions: The E/e' ratio and BNP levels play important and complementary roles in the risk stratification of patients after AMI. © 2010 Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.
Kruszewski, K., Scott, A. E., Barclay, J. L., Small, G. R., Croal, B. L., Møller, J. E., ... Hillis, G. (2010). Noninvasive assessment of left ventricular filling pressure after acute myocardial infarction: A prospective study of the relative prognostic utility of clinical assessment, echocardiography, and B-type natriuretic peptide. American Heart Journal, 159(1), 47-54. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ahj.2009.10.032