Non-severe burn injury causes sustained platelet hyperreactivity

Blair Z. Johnson, Emily O'Halloran, Andrew W. Stevenson, Fiona M. Wood, Mark W. Fear, Matthew D. Linden

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Individuals who present to a hospital for treatment of a burn of any magnitude are more frequently hospitalised for ischemic heart disease, even decades after injury. Blood platelets are key mediators of cardiovascular disease. To investigate platelet involvement in post-burn cardiovascular risk, platelet reactivity was assessed in patients at 2- and 6-weeks after non-severe (TBSA < 20%) burn injury, and in a murine model 30 days after 8% TBSA full-thickness burn injury. Platelets were stimulated with canonical agonists and function reported by GPIIb/IIIa PAC1-binding site, CD62P expression, and formation of monocyte-platelet aggregates. In vivo thrombosis in a modified Folts model of vascular injury was assessed. Burn survivors had elevated frequencies of circulating monocyte-platelet aggregates, and platelets were hyperreactive, primarily to collagen stimulation. Burn plasma did not cause hyper-reactivity when incubated with control platelets. Platelets from burn injured mice also demonstrated increased response to collagen peptides but did not show any change in thrombosis following vascular injury. This study demonstrates the persistence of a small but significant platelet hyperreactivity following burn injury. Although our data does not suggest this heightened platelet sensitivity modulates thrombosis following vascular injury, the contribution of sub-clinical platelet hyperreactivity to accelerating atherogenesis merits further investigation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)585-596
Number of pages12
Issue number3
Early online date28 Oct 2023
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2024


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