Purpose: To evaluate the Canon CR5-45NM non-mydriatic fundus camera (Canon, Kanagawa, Japan) for identifying retinopathy and the need for laser treatment in a population of Aboriginal patients with diabetes mellitus in rural Western Australia.Methods: Diabetic Aboriginal patients were photographed through undilated pupils using a Canon CR5-45NM nonmydriatic fundus camera, after which ophthalmoscopy was performed using indirect ophthalmoscopy through dilated pupils. The examining ophthalmologist recorded the presence of retinopathy and the need for laser treatment. A proportion of patients were rephotographed through dilated pupils. Photographs were reviewed by a second ophthalmologist who evaluated the quality of the image, the presence of retinopathy and the need for laser treatment. Results of fundus photographs and ophthalmoscopy were compared.Results: Three hundred and twenty-eight eyes in 164 Aboriginal patients were examined. The mean patient age was 48.2 years (range 16-81 years) and the mean duration of diabetes was 7.5 years (range 1-35 years). Seventy-four eyes (22.6%) were diagnosed with retinopathy using combined examination techniques, 44 (59.5%) of which were identified by ophthalmoscopy and 55 (74.3%) by photography. Thirty-five eyes were deemed to need treatment, 18 (51.4%) of which were identified by ophthalmoscopy and 30 (85.7%) by photography. Kappa coefficient measurement for agreement for presence of retinopathy and need for referral was 0.41 and 0.53, respectively Photograph quality was significantly improved following pupil dilation.Conclusions: The Canon CR5-45NM non-mydriatic fundus camera was relatively good at identifying diabetic retinopathy and could usefully be applied within a screening programme for treatable disease within this population.
|Journal||Australian and New Zealand Journal of Ophthalmology|
|Publication status||Published - 1998|