Non-Classical Synthons: Supramolecular Recognition by S⋅⋅⋅O Chalcogen Bonding in Molecular Complexes of Riluzole

Sajesh P. Thomas, Vijith Kumar, Khidhir Alhameedi, T. N. Guru Row

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Classical examples of supramolecular recognition units or synthons are the ones formed by hydrogen bonds. Here, we report the ubiquity of a S⋅⋅⋅O chalcogen bonded synthon observed in a series of supramolecular complexes of the amyotrophic lateral sclerosis drug riluzole. Although the potential of higher chalcogens such as Se and Te to form robust and directional chalcogen bonded motifs is known, intermolecular sulfur chalcogen bonding is considered to be weak owing to the lower polarizability of S atoms. Here, the robustness and electronic nature of a S⋅⋅⋅O chalcogen bonding non-classical synthon, and the origin of its exceptional directionality have been explored. Bond orders of the drug–coformer chalcogen bonding are found to be as high as one third of a single bond, and they are largely ionic in nature. The contribution of the S⋅⋅⋅O chalcogen bonded motifs to the lattice energies of a series of crystals from the Cambridge Structural Database has been analyzed, showing they can be indeed significant, especially in molecules devoid of strong hydrogen bond donor groups.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3591-3597
Number of pages7
JournalChemistry - A European Journal
Volume25
Issue number14
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 7 Mar 2019

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