© 2016 The Author(s). Published by S. Karger AG, Basel.Background: Regeneration of injured axons in adult mammalian central nervous system (CNS) is not spontaneous. Nogo is a major inhibitory molecule contributing to axon regeneration failure. The molecular mechanisms of Nogo inhibition of axon regeneration are not completely understood. To further investigate the underlying mechanisms, we studied the effects of Nogo-p4, a 25-amino acid core inhibitory fragment of Nogo, on nerve growth factor (NGF)- induced TrkA signaling. Methods: NGF-differentiated PC12 cells were used as cell models. The effects of Nogo-p4 on two key components of TrkA signaling, phosphorylated Erk1/2 and Akt, were analyzed by western blot. Co-immunoprecipitation experiments were performed to detect the formation of NgR1/p75 complexes. Neurite growth was quantifed by measuring the neurite length. Results: Nogo-p4 did not signifcantly affect TrkA signaling induced by 100 ng/ml NGF, but signaling was suppressed when an NGF concentration of 5 ng/ml was used. Further investigation demonstrated that Nogo-p4 affected TrkA signaling in an NGF concentration-dependent manner. Nogo-p4 suppression of TrkA signaling was strong at low (1 and 5 ng/ml), moderate at intermediate (25 ng/ml), but absent at high (50 and 100 ng/ ml) NGF concentrations. NEP1-40 attenuated, and NgR1 overexpression enhanced, Nogo-p4 suppression of TrkA signaling induced by low concentrations of NGF. High but not low concentrations of NGF reduced the formation of NgR1/p75 complexes triggered by Nogo-p4. Nogo-p4 strongly inhibited neurite growth induced by low rather than high concentrations of NGF. Conclusion: Nogo-p4 binding with NgR1 suppresses TrkA signaling induced by low concentrations of NGF in differentiated PC12 cells. Suppression of NGF-induced TrkA signaling may be another mechanism by which Nogo inhibits neurite growth.
Fan, Y. M., Huang, Q. Y., Wu, Y. A., Harvey, A., Cui, Q., & Gao, Y. Q. (2016). Nogo-p4 suppresses TrkA signaling induced by low concentrations of nerve growth factor through NgR1 in differentiated PC12 cells. NeuroSignals, 24(1), 25-39. https://doi.org/10.1159/000442609