Ceramic-on-ceramic hip replacements might stress the bone interface more than a metal-polyethylene because of material stiffness, microseparation, and sensitivity to impingement. To ascertain whether this potentially increased stress caused an increased cup migration we compared a ceramic-on-ceramic with a metal-on-polyethylene implant for cup migration. Sixty one patients (61 hips) undergoing THA for osteoarthritis were randomized to ceramic on ceramic (Ce/Ce) or cobalt-chromium on cross-linked polyethylene bearings (PE) in the same uncemented cup shell. Migration was followed with RSA. At 2 years we observed similar mean cup translations in the 3 directions (0.07-0.40 nun vs. 0.05-0.31 mm, Ce/Ce vs. PE), as well as similar rotations around the 3 axes (0.31-0.92 degrees vs. 0.57-1.40 degrees). WOMAC and SF-36 scores were also similar and no radiolucent lines or osteolysis found. The large migration seen in some cups in both implant groups will require close monitoring to ascertain the reasons. Mean proximal wear of the polyethylene liners measured 0.016 mm between 2 and 24 months. Our data suggest there is no increased cup migration in the ceramic-on-ceramic implant compared with the metal-on-polyethylene, and they seem an equally safe choice. However, the low wear measured with the more versatile and less expensive cross-linked polyethylene makes it a strong contender.
|Pages (from-to)||39 - 45|
|Journal||Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research|
|Publication status||Published - 2006|