New therapies targeting apoB metabolism for high-risk patients with inherited dyslipidaemias: What can the clinician expect?

A.H. Sahebkar, Gerald Watts

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

145 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Apolipoprotein B (apoB) has a key role in the assembly and secretion of very low-density lipoprotein (VLDL) from the liver. Plasma apoB concentration affects the number of circulating atherogenic particles, and serves as an independent predictor of the risk of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease. While statins are the most potent apoBlowering agents currently prescribed, their efficacy in achieving therapeutic targets for low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) in high-risk patients, such as those with familial hypercholesterolaemia (FH), is limited. Resistance and intolerance to statins also occurs in a significant number of patients, necessitating new types of lipid-lowering therapies. Monoclonal antibodies against proprotein convertase subtilisin/ kexin type 9 (PCSK9; AMG 145 and REGN727), a sequence-specific antisense oligonucleotide against apoB mRNA (mipomersen) and a synthetic inhibitor of microsomal triglyceride transfer protein (MTTP; lomitapide) have been tested in phase III clinical trials, particularly in patients with FH. The trials demonstrated the efficacy of these agents in lowering apoB, LDL-C, non-high-density lipoprotein cholesterol and lipoprotein(a) by 32-55 %, 37-66 %, 38-61 % and 22-50 % (AMG 145), 21-68 %, 29-72 %, 16-60 % and 8- 36%(REGN727), 16-71 %, 15-71 %, 12-66%and 23-49% (mipomersen) and 24-55 %, 25-51 %, 27-50%and 15-19% (lomitapide), respectively. Monoclonal antibodies against PCSK9 have an excellent safety profile and may be indicated not only in heterozygous FH, but also in statin-intolerant patients and those with other inherited dyslipidemias, such as familial combined hyperlipidaemia and familial elevation in Lp(a). Mipomersen and lomitapide increase hepatic fat content and are at present indicated for treating adult patients with homozygous FH alone. © Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)559-567
JournalCardiovascular Drugs and Therapy
Volume27
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013

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