New insights on proterozoic tectonics and sedimentation along the peri-Gondwanan West African margin based on zircon U-Pb SHRIMP geochronology

Bert De Waele, M. Lacorde, F. Vergara, G. Chan

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    17 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    © 2014 Elsevier B.V. New mapping and age data from rocks of the West African Craton and its western margin, as well as a review of published age data for the region indicate that the southwestern margin of the craton is composed of an Archaean basement of TTG gneisses and granitoid rocks that formed over a long period of time between 3.54 and 2.64. Ga. The age data refute the previously held notion of two craton-forming events, the ~3.0. Ga Leonian and ~2.7. Ga Liberian cycles, but instead indicate a pulse at ~3.4. Ga, followed by near-continuous crustal growth between ~3.05 and 2.64. Ga. Age data for the Kenema Assemblage, a strip of Archaean rocks separated from the main Archaean exposure further east by Neoproterozoic cover, suggest that this represents a tectonic window. To the west of the Archaean craton, the Rokel-Kasila Belt occurs, which incorporates two tectonic terranes: the Palaeoproterozoic Kasila terrane, accreted to the Archaean craton and comprised of granulite-facies paragneiss units of the Kasila Group, and the Meso- to Neoproterozoic Marampa terrane, thrust on top of the Archaean basement, and comprised of greenschist-facies schists and metabasites of the Marampa Group. A metavolcanic unit in the Kasila Group provides an age of 1941 ± 4. Ma interpreted to date the emplacement of the Kasila succession. Xenocrystic zircon in the sample suggest the presence of cryptic older crust with components of 2.7-2.6. Ga and 2.2. Ga, and the Kasila Terrane is interpreted to represent a Ganderian-type peri-Gondwanan terrane left attached to the West African Craton. Detrital age data on two schist units of the Marampa Group suggest a maximum age of deposition of between 1076-1030. Ma. The detrital age peaks indicate source terranes in part consistent with a West African affinity, but also comprising significant sources of between 2.0 and 1.0. Ga for which no suitable source terranes are known in West Africa. We suggest that at the time the Marampa Group was deposited along the West African margin at ~1.05. Ga, a source terrane with significant matching components of Palaeoproterozoic and Mesoproterozoic source rocks, was present to provide the sedimentary input, possibly the Amazonian Craton.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)156-175
    JournalPrecambrian Research
    Volume259
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2015

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