@article{3d35a3a1d2ad44598cbfadeead5c173d,

title = "Neutron Star Extreme Matter Observatory: A kilohertz-band gravitational-wave detector in the global network",

abstract = "Gravitational waves from coalescing neutron stars encode information about nuclear matter at extreme densities, inaccessible by laboratory experiments. The late inspiral is influenced by the presence of tides, which depend on the neutron star equation of state. Neutron star mergers are expected to often produce rapidly rotating remnant neutron stars that emit gravitational waves. These will provide clues to the extremely hot post-merger environment. This signature of nuclear matter in gravitational waves contains most information in the 2-4 kHz frequency band, which is outside of the most sensitive band of current detectors. We present the design concept and science case for a Neutron Star Extreme Matter Observatory (NEMO): a gravitational-wave interferometer optimised to study nuclear physics with merging neutron stars. The concept uses high-circulating laser power, quantum squeezing, and a detector topology specifically designed to achieve the high-frequency sensitivity necessary to probe nuclear matter using gravitational waves. Above 1 kHz, the proposed strain sensitivity is comparable to full third-generation detectors at a fraction of the cost. Such sensitivity changes expected event rates for detection of post-merger remnants from approximately one per few decades with two A+ detectors to a few per year and potentially allow for the first gravitational-wave observations of supernovae, isolated neutron stars, and other exotica.",

keywords = "equation of state, gravitational waves stars: neutron, instrumentation: detectors, instrumentation: interferometers",

author = "OzGrav and K. Ackley and Adya, {V. B.} and P. Agrawal and P. Altin and G. Ashton and M. Bailes and E. Baltinas and A. Barbuio and D. Beniwal and C. Blair and D. Blair and Bolingbroke, {G. N.} and V. Bossilkov and {Shachar Boublil}, S. and Brown, {D. D.} and Burridge, {B. J.} and {Calderon Bustillo}, J. and J. Cameron and {Tuong Cao}, H. and Carlin, {J. B.} and S. Chang and P. Charlton and C. Chatterjee and D. Chattopadhyay and X. Chen and J. Chi and J. Chow and Q. Chu and A. Ciobanu and T. Clarke and P. Clearwater and J. Cooke and D. Coward and H. Crisp and Dattatri, {R. J.} and Deller, {A. T.} and Dobie, {D. A.} and L. Dunn and Easter, {P. J.} and J. Eichholz and R. Evans and C. Flynn and G. Foran and P. Forsyth and Y. Gai and S. Galaudage and Galloway, {D. K.} and B. Gendre and B. Goncharov and S. Goode and D. Gozzard and B. Grace and Graham, {A. W.} and A. Heger and {Hernandez Vivanco}, F. and R. Hirai and Holland, {N. A.} and Holmes, {Z. J.} and E. Howard and E. Howell and G. Howitt and H{\"u}bner, {M. T.} and J. Hurley and C. Ingram and {Jaberian Hamedan}, V. and K. Jenner and L. Ju and Kapasi, {D. P.} and T. Kaur and N. Kijbunchoo and M. Kovalam and {Kumar Choudhary}, R. and Lasky, {P. D.} and Lau, {M. Y.M.} and J. Leung and J. Liu and K. Loh and A. Mailvagan and I. Mandel and McCann, {J. J.} and McClelland, {D. E.} and K. McKenzie and D. McManus and T. McRae and A. Melatos and P. Meyers and H. Middleton and Miles, {M. T.} and M. Millhouse and {Lun Mong}, Y. and B. Mueller and J. Munch and J. Musiov and S. Muusse and Nathan, {R. S.} and Y. Naveh and C. Neijssel and B. Neil and Ng, {S. W.S.} and V. Oloworaran and Ottaway, {D. J.} and M. Page and J. Pan and M. Pathak and E. Payne and J. Powell and J. Pritchard and E. Puckridge and A. Raidani and V. Rallabhandi and D. Reardon and Riley, {J. A.} and L. Roberts and Romero-Shaw, {I. M.} and Roocke, {T. J.} and G. Rowell and N. Sahu and N. Sarin and L. Sarre and H. Sattari and M. Schiworski and Scott, {S. M.} and R. Sengar and D. Shaddock and R. Shannon and J. Shi and P. Sibley and Slagmolen, {B. J.J.} and T. Slaven-Blair and Smith, {R. J.E.} and J. Spollard and L. Steed and L. Strang and H. Sun and A. Sunderland and S. Suvorova and C. Talbot and E. Thrane and D. T{\"o}yr{\"a} and P. Trahanas and A. Vajpeyi and {Van Heijningen}, {J. V.} and Vargas, {A. F.} and Veitch, {P. J.} and A. Vigna-Gomez and A. Wade and K. Walker and Z. Wang and Ward, {R. L.} and K. Ward and S. Webb and L. Wen and K. Wette and R. Wilcox and J. Winterflood and C. Wolf and B. Wu and {Jet Yap}, M. and Z. You and H. Yu and J. Zhang and J. Zhang and C. Zhao and X. Zhu",

year = "2020",

doi = "10.1017/pasa.2020.39",

language = "English",

journal = "Publications of the Astronomincal Society of Australia (PASA)",

issn = "1323-3580",

publisher = "Cambridge University Press",

}