Neutral hydrogen (H I) gas content of galaxies at z ≈ 0.32

Jonghwan Rhee, Philip Lah, Frank H. Briggs, Jayaram N. Chengalur, Matthew Colless, Steven P. Willner, Matthew L. N. Ashby, Olivier Le Fèvre

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

62 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We use observations made with the Giant Metrewave Radio Telescope (GMRT) to probe the neutral hydrogen (H I) gas content of field galaxies in the VIMOS VLT Deep Survey (VVDS) 14h field at z ≈ 0.32. Because the H I emission from individual galaxies is too faint to detect at this redshift, we use an H I spectral stacking technique using the known optical positions and redshifts of the 165 galaxies in our sample to co-add their H I spectra and thus obtain the average H I mass of the galaxies. Stacked H I measurements of 165 galaxies show that ≳ 95 per cent of the neutral gas is found in blue, star-forming galaxies. Among these galaxies, those having lower stellar mass are more gas rich than more massive ones. We apply a volume correction to our H I measurement to evaluate the H I gas density at z ≈ 0.32 as Ω_{H I}=(0.50± 0.18)× 10^{-3} in units of the cosmic critical density. This value is in good agreement with previous results at z < 0.4, suggesting no evolution in the neutral hydrogen gas density over the last ˜4 Gyr. However the z ≈ 0.32 gas density is lower than that at z ˜ 5 by at least a factor of two.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1879-1894
Number of pages16
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Volume473
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2018

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