Neighbourhood disadvantage and smoking: Examining the role of neighbourhood-level psychosocial characteristics

J.N. Rachele, Lisa Wood, A. Nathan, K. Giskes, G. Turrell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

© 2016 Elsevier Ltd. Purpose: This study aims to determine if neighbourhood psychosocial characteristics contribute to inequalities in smoking among residents from neighbourhoods of differing socioeconomic disadvantage. Methods: This cross-sectional study includes 11,035 residents from 200 neighbourhoods in Brisbane, Australia in 2007. Self-reported measures were obtained for smoking and neighbourhood psychosocial characteristics (perceptions of incivilities, crime and safety, and social cohesion). Neighbourhood socioeconomic disadvantage was measured using a census-derived index. Data were analysed using multilevel logistic regression random intercept models. Results: Smoking was associated with neighbourhood disadvantage; this relationship remained after adjustment for individual-level socioeconomic position. Area-level perceptions of crime and safety and social cohesion were not independently associated with smoking, and did not explain the higher prevalence of smoking in disadvantaged areas; however, perceptions of incivilities showed an independent effect. Conclusions: Some neighbourhood psychosocial characteristics seem to contribute to the higher rates of smoking in disadvantaged areas.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)98-105
Number of pages8
JournalHealth and Place
Volume40
Early online date23 May 2016
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2016

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