Needs assessment towards development of an integrated diabetes-oral health nutrition education module: A qualitative study

Nor Aini Jamil, Shahida Mohd-Said, Chau Shin Hwa, Mohd Jamil Sameeha, Estie Kruger

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Introduction: The diabetes mellitus-periodontitis relationship has advocated several strategic management approaches on effective glycaemic control and oral health improvement for diabetic patients and periodontitis patients with diabetes. We aimed to identify the challenges of providing health education to patients with diabetes and/ or periodontitis among healthcare professionals and needs for an integrated nutrition-oral health education module. Methods: This study involved semi-structure in-depth interview with fifteen healthcare professionals from a training hospital focused on: (i) the existing issues and challenges encountered while managing patients for their nutrition and care and (ii) issues related to the current practice among healthcare professionals. Details pertaining to the participants’ verbal and non-verbal responses were recorded, transcribed ad verbatim and analysed using themes codes. Results: Patients’ attitude and behaviour, language barriers and prioritising time were found as the common problems with patients, while limited knowledge on the relationship between diabetes-periodontitis, limited availability of appropriate and cultural-based health educational tools, lack of inter-professional multidisciplinary collaboration in managing patients, and constrains in time as well as costly therapy were common issues in the current practice. Conclusions: Cost-effective efforts must be focused on overcoming these issues besides emphasizing the needs on developing an integrated module to achieve better management outcomes.

Original languageEnglish
Article number10
JournalInternational Journal of Integrated Care
Volume21
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021

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