NCX3 knockout mice exhibit increased hippocampal CA1 and CA2 neuronal damage compared to wild-type mice following global cerebral ischemia

G.J. Jeffs, Bruno Meloni, S. Sokolow, A. Herchuelz, S. Schurmans, Neville Knuckey

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

29 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

There is uncertainty as to whether the plasma membrane Na+/Ca2+exchanger (NCX) has a neuroprotective or neurodamaging role following cerebral ischemia. To address this issue we compared hippocampal neuronal injury in NCX3 knockout mice (Ncx3-/-) and wild-type mice (Ncx3+/+) following global cerebral ischemia. Using a bilateral common carotid artery occlusion (BCCAO) model of global ischemia we subjected NCX3 knockout and wild-type mice to 17 and 15 minutes of ischemia. Following the 17 minute period of ischemia, wild-type mice exhibited ≈ 80% CA1 neuronal loss and ≈ 40% CA2 neuronal loss. In contrast, NCX3 knockout mice displayed > 95% CA1 neuronal loss and ≈ 95% CA2 neuronal loss. Following the 15 minute period of ischemia, wild-type mice did not exhibit any significant hippocampal neuronal loss. In contrast, NCX3 knockout mice displayed ≈ 45% CA1 neuronal loss and ≈ 25% CA2 neuronal loss. The results clearly demonstrate that mice deficient in the NCX3 protein are more susceptible to global cerebral ischemia than wild-type mice. Our findings suggest NCX3 has a positive role in maintaining neuronal intracellular calcium homeostasis following ischemia, and that when exchanger function is compromised neurons are more susceptible to calcium deregulation and cell death.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)268-273
JournalExperimental Neurology
Volume210
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008

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