Nasopharyngeal temperature measurement in sheep during general anesthesia

Tabita Tan, Jonathon Tuke, Gabrielle C. Musk

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


The aim of this study was to compare nasopharyngeal and esophageal temperature measurements in anesthetized sheep with a range of fresh gas flows (1 to 6 L/min) through the breathing system. Data were compared using a Bland-Altman plot and correlation coefficients, and error measures were calculated. One hundred and ninety-five sets of data were collected from 20 sheep weighing 41 kg (31 to 51.5 kg). The bias (95% limit of agreement), correlation coefficient, and absolute error for nasopharyngeal compared to esophageal temperature were 0.04°C (–0.77°C to 0.85°C), 0.92, and 0.29°C ± 0.29°C, respectively. The percentage of nasopharyngeal readings within 0.5°C of the esophageal temperature was 77.44%. The error did not significantly increase with increasing fresh gas flow. Nasopharyngeal temperature measurement is suitable for estimation of esophageal temperature during general anesthesia of sheep when the fresh gas flow through the breathing system is between 1 and 6 L/min.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)64-68
Number of pages5
JournalCanadian Journal of Veterinary Research
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2017


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