Narrow-band search for gravitational waves from known pulsars using the second LIGO observing run

LIGO Scientific Collaboration and Virgo Collaboration

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Abstract

Isolated spinning neutron stars, asymmetric with respect to their rotation axis, are expected to be sources of continuous gravitational waves. The most sensitive searches for these sources are based on accurate matched filtering techniques that assume the continuous wave to be phase locked with the pulsar beamed emission. While matched filtering maximizes the search sensitivity, a significant signal-to-noise ratio loss will happen in the case of a mismatch between the assumed and the true signal phase evolution. Narrow-band algorithms allow for a small mismatch in the frequency and spin-down values of the pulsar while coherently integrating the entire dataset. In this paper, we describe a narrow-band search using LIGO O2 data for the continuous wave emission of 33 pulsars. No evidence of a continuous wave signal is found, and upper limits on the gravitational wave amplitude over the analyzed frequency and spin-down ranges are computed for each of the targets. In this search, we surpass the spin-down limit, namely, the maximum rotational energy loss due to gravitational waves emission for some of the pulsars already present in the LIGO O1 narrow-band search, such as J1400-6325, J1813-1246, J1833-1034, J1952+3252, and for new targets such as J0940-5428 and J1747-2809. For J1400-6325, J1833-1034, and J1747-2809, this is the first time the spin-down limit is surpassed.

Original languageEnglish
Article number122002
JournalPhysical Review D
Volume99
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 27 Jun 2019

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LIGO (observatory)
pulsars
gravitational waves
narrowband
continuous radiation
metal spinning
neutron stars
signal to noise ratios
energy dissipation
sensitivity

Cite this

LIGO Scientific Collaboration and Virgo Collaboration. / Narrow-band search for gravitational waves from known pulsars using the second LIGO observing run. In: Physical Review D. 2019 ; Vol. 99, No. 12.
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abstract = "Isolated spinning neutron stars, asymmetric with respect to their rotation axis, are expected to be sources of continuous gravitational waves. The most sensitive searches for these sources are based on accurate matched filtering techniques that assume the continuous wave to be phase locked with the pulsar beamed emission. While matched filtering maximizes the search sensitivity, a significant signal-to-noise ratio loss will happen in the case of a mismatch between the assumed and the true signal phase evolution. Narrow-band algorithms allow for a small mismatch in the frequency and spin-down values of the pulsar while coherently integrating the entire dataset. In this paper, we describe a narrow-band search using LIGO O2 data for the continuous wave emission of 33 pulsars. No evidence of a continuous wave signal is found, and upper limits on the gravitational wave amplitude over the analyzed frequency and spin-down ranges are computed for each of the targets. In this search, we surpass the spin-down limit, namely, the maximum rotational energy loss due to gravitational waves emission for some of the pulsars already present in the LIGO O1 narrow-band search, such as J1400-6325, J1813-1246, J1833-1034, J1952+3252, and for new targets such as J0940-5428 and J1747-2809. For J1400-6325, J1833-1034, and J1747-2809, this is the first time the spin-down limit is surpassed.",
author = "{LIGO Scientific Collaboration and Virgo Collaboration} and Abbott, {B. P.} and R. Abbott and Abbott, {T. D.} and S. Abraham and F. Acernese and K. Ackley and C. Adams and Adhikari, {R. X.} and Adya, {V. B.} and C. Affeldt and M. Agathos and K. Agatsuma and N. Aggarwal and Aguiar, {O. D.} and L. Aiello and A. Ain and P. Ajith and G. Allen and A. Allocca and Aloy, {M. A.} and Altin, {P. A.} and A. Amato and A. Ananyeva and Anderson, {S. B.} and Anderson, {W. G.} and Angelova, {S. V.} and S. Antier and S. Appert and K. Arai and Araya, {M. C.} and Areeda, {J. S.} and M. Ar{\`e}ne and N. Arnaud and S. Ascenzi and G. Ashton and Aston, {S. M.} and P. Astone and F. Aubin and P. Aufmuth and K. Aultoneal and C. Austin and V. Avendano and A. Avila-Alvarez and S. Babak and P. Bacon and F. Badaracco and Bader, {M. K.M.} and S. Bae and Baker, {P. T.} and F. Baldaccini and G. Ballardin and Ballmer, {S. W.} and S. Banagiri and Barayoga, {J. C.} and Barclay, {S. E.} and Barish, {B. C.} and D. Barker and K. Barkett and S. Barnum and F. Barone and B. Barr and L. Barsotti and M. Barsuglia and D. Barta and J. Bartlett and I. Bartos and R. Bassiri and A. Basti and M. Bawaj and Bayley, {J. C.} and M. Bazzan and B. B{\'e}csy and M. Bejger and I. Belahcene and Bell, {A. S.} and D. Beniwal and Berger, {B. K.} and G. Bergmann and S. Bernuzzi and Bero, {J. J.} and Berry, {C. P.L.} and D. Bersanetti and A. Bertolini and J. Betzwieser and R. Bhandare and J. Bidler and Bilenko, {I. A.} and Bilgili, {S. A.} and G. Billingsley and J. Birch and R. Birney and O. Birnholtz and S. Biscans and S. Biscoveanu and A. Bisht and M. Bitossi and Bizouard, {M. A.} and Blackburn, {J. K.} and Blair, {C. D.} and Blair, {D. G.} and Blair, {R. M.} and S. Bloemen and N. Bode and M. Boer and Y. Boetzel and G. Bogaert and F. Bondu and E. Bonilla and R. Bonnand and P. Booker and Boom, {B. A.} and Booth, {C. D.} and R. Bork and V. Boschi and S. Bose and K. Bossie and V. Bossilkov and J. Bosveld and Y. Bouffanais and A. Bozzi and C. Bradaschia and Brady, {P. R.} and A. Bramley and M. Branchesi and Brau, {J. E.} and T. Briant and Briggs, {J. H.} and F. Brighenti and A. Brillet and M. Brinkmann and V. Brisson and P. Brockill and Brooks, {A. F.} and Brown, {D. D.} and S. Brunett and A. Buikema and T. Bulik and Bulten, {H. J.} and A. Buonanno and D. Buskulic and C. Buy and Byer, {R. L.} and M. Cabero and L. Cadonati and G. Cagnoli and C. Cahillane and Bustillo, {J. Calder{\'o}n} and Callister, {T. A.} and E. Calloni and Camp, {J. B.} and Campbell, {W. A.} and M. Canepa and Cannon, {K. C.} and H. Cao and J. Cao and E. Capocasa and F. Carbognani and S. Caride and Carney, {M. F.} and G. Carullo and Diaz, {J. Casanueva} and C. Casentini and S. Caudill and M. Cavagli{\`a} and F. Cavalier and R. Cavalieri and G. Cella and P. Cerd{\'a}-Dur{\'a}n and G. Cerretani and E. Cesarini and O. Chaibi and K. Chakravarti and Chamberlin, {S. J.} and M. Chan and S. Chao and P. Charlton and Chase, {E. A.} and E. Chassande-Mottin and D. Chatterjee and M. Chaturvedi and Cheeseboro, {B. D.} and Chen, {H. Y.} and X. Chen and Y. Chen and Cheng, {H. P.} and Cheong, {C. K.} and Chia, {H. Y.} and A. Chincarini and A. Chiummo and G. Cho and Cho, {H. S.} and M. Cho and N. Christensen and Q. Chu and S. Chua and Chung, {K. W.} and S. Chung and G. Ciani and Ciobanu, {A. A.} and R. Ciolfi and F. Cipriano and A. Cirone and F. Clara and Clark, {J. A.} and P. Clearwater and F. Cleva and C. Cocchieri and E. Coccia and Cohadon, {P. F.} and D. Cohen and R. Colgan and M. Colleoni and Collette, {C. G.} and C. Collins and Cominsky, {L. R.} and M. Constancio and L. Conti and Cooper, {S. J.} and P. Corban and Corbitt, {T. R.} and I. Cordero-Carri{\'o}n and Corley, {K. R.} and N. Cornish and A. Corsi and S. Cortese and Costa, {C. A.} and R. Cotesta and Coughlin, {M. W.} and Coughlin, {S. B.} and Coulon, {J. P.} and Countryman, {S. T.} and P. Couvares and Covas, {P. B.} and Cowan, {E. E.} and Coward, {D. M.} and Cowart, {M. J.} and Coyne, {D. C.} and R. Coyne and Creighton, {J. D.E.} and Creighton, {T. D.} and Danilishin, {S. L.} and Howell, {E. J.} and L. Ju and J. Liu and McCann, {J. J.} and Page, {M. A.} and Slaven-Blair, {T. J.} and {Van Heijningen}, {J. V.} and C. Zhao and Zhu, {X. J.}",
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month = "6",
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doi = "10.1103/PhysRevD.99.122002",
language = "English",
volume = "99",
journal = "Physical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology",
issn = "1550-7998",
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}

Narrow-band search for gravitational waves from known pulsars using the second LIGO observing run. / LIGO Scientific Collaboration and Virgo Collaboration.

In: Physical Review D, Vol. 99, No. 12, 122002, 27.06.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Narrow-band search for gravitational waves from known pulsars using the second LIGO observing run

AU - LIGO Scientific Collaboration and Virgo Collaboration

AU - Abbott, B. P.

AU - Abbott, R.

AU - Abbott, T. D.

AU - Abraham, S.

AU - Acernese, F.

AU - Ackley, K.

AU - Adams, C.

AU - Adhikari, R. X.

AU - Adya, V. B.

AU - Affeldt, C.

AU - Agathos, M.

AU - Agatsuma, K.

AU - Aggarwal, N.

AU - Aguiar, O. D.

AU - Aiello, L.

AU - Ain, A.

AU - Ajith, P.

AU - Allen, G.

AU - Allocca, A.

AU - Aloy, M. A.

AU - Altin, P. A.

AU - Amato, A.

AU - Ananyeva, A.

AU - Anderson, S. B.

AU - Anderson, W. G.

AU - Angelova, S. V.

AU - Antier, S.

AU - Appert, S.

AU - Arai, K.

AU - Araya, M. C.

AU - Areeda, J. S.

AU - Arène, M.

AU - Arnaud, N.

AU - Ascenzi, S.

AU - Ashton, G.

AU - Aston, S. M.

AU - Astone, P.

AU - Aubin, F.

AU - Aufmuth, P.

AU - Aultoneal, K.

AU - Austin, C.

AU - Avendano, V.

AU - Avila-Alvarez, A.

AU - Babak, S.

AU - Bacon, P.

AU - Badaracco, F.

AU - Bader, M. K.M.

AU - Bae, S.

AU - Baker, P. T.

AU - Baldaccini, F.

AU - Ballardin, G.

AU - Ballmer, S. W.

AU - Banagiri, S.

AU - Barayoga, J. C.

AU - Barclay, S. E.

AU - Barish, B. C.

AU - Barker, D.

AU - Barkett, K.

AU - Barnum, S.

AU - Barone, F.

AU - Barr, B.

AU - Barsotti, L.

AU - Barsuglia, M.

AU - Barta, D.

AU - Bartlett, J.

AU - Bartos, I.

AU - Bassiri, R.

AU - Basti, A.

AU - Bawaj, M.

AU - Bayley, J. C.

AU - Bazzan, M.

AU - Bécsy, B.

AU - Bejger, M.

AU - Belahcene, I.

AU - Bell, A. S.

AU - Beniwal, D.

AU - Berger, B. K.

AU - Bergmann, G.

AU - Bernuzzi, S.

AU - Bero, J. J.

AU - Berry, C. P.L.

AU - Bersanetti, D.

AU - Bertolini, A.

AU - Betzwieser, J.

AU - Bhandare, R.

AU - Bidler, J.

AU - Bilenko, I. A.

AU - Bilgili, S. A.

AU - Billingsley, G.

AU - Birch, J.

AU - Birney, R.

AU - Birnholtz, O.

AU - Biscans, S.

AU - Biscoveanu, S.

AU - Bisht, A.

AU - Bitossi, M.

AU - Bizouard, M. A.

AU - Blackburn, J. K.

AU - Blair, C. D.

AU - Blair, D. G.

AU - Blair, R. M.

AU - Bloemen, S.

AU - Bode, N.

AU - Boer, M.

AU - Boetzel, Y.

AU - Bogaert, G.

AU - Bondu, F.

AU - Bonilla, E.

AU - Bonnand, R.

AU - Booker, P.

AU - Boom, B. A.

AU - Booth, C. D.

AU - Bork, R.

AU - Boschi, V.

AU - Bose, S.

AU - Bossie, K.

AU - Bossilkov, V.

AU - Bosveld, J.

AU - Bouffanais, Y.

AU - Bozzi, A.

AU - Bradaschia, C.

AU - Brady, P. R.

AU - Bramley, A.

AU - Branchesi, M.

AU - Brau, J. E.

AU - Briant, T.

AU - Briggs, J. H.

AU - Brighenti, F.

AU - Brillet, A.

AU - Brinkmann, M.

AU - Brisson, V.

AU - Brockill, P.

AU - Brooks, A. F.

AU - Brown, D. D.

AU - Brunett, S.

AU - Buikema, A.

AU - Bulik, T.

AU - Bulten, H. J.

AU - Buonanno, A.

AU - Buskulic, D.

AU - Buy, C.

AU - Byer, R. L.

AU - Cabero, M.

AU - Cadonati, L.

AU - Cagnoli, G.

AU - Cahillane, C.

AU - Bustillo, J. Calderón

AU - Callister, T. A.

AU - Calloni, E.

AU - Camp, J. B.

AU - Campbell, W. A.

AU - Canepa, M.

AU - Cannon, K. C.

AU - Cao, H.

AU - Cao, J.

AU - Capocasa, E.

AU - Carbognani, F.

AU - Caride, S.

AU - Carney, M. F.

AU - Carullo, G.

AU - Diaz, J. Casanueva

AU - Casentini, C.

AU - Caudill, S.

AU - Cavaglià, M.

AU - Cavalier, F.

AU - Cavalieri, R.

AU - Cella, G.

AU - Cerdá-Durán, P.

AU - Cerretani, G.

AU - Cesarini, E.

AU - Chaibi, O.

AU - Chakravarti, K.

AU - Chamberlin, S. J.

AU - Chan, M.

AU - Chao, S.

AU - Charlton, P.

AU - Chase, E. A.

AU - Chassande-Mottin, E.

AU - Chatterjee, D.

AU - Chaturvedi, M.

AU - Cheeseboro, B. D.

AU - Chen, H. Y.

AU - Chen, X.

AU - Chen, Y.

AU - Cheng, H. P.

AU - Cheong, C. K.

AU - Chia, H. Y.

AU - Chincarini, A.

AU - Chiummo, A.

AU - Cho, G.

AU - Cho, H. S.

AU - Cho, M.

AU - Christensen, N.

AU - Chu, Q.

AU - Chua, S.

AU - Chung, K. W.

AU - Chung, S.

AU - Ciani, G.

AU - Ciobanu, A. A.

AU - Ciolfi, R.

AU - Cipriano, F.

AU - Cirone, A.

AU - Clara, F.

AU - Clark, J. A.

AU - Clearwater, P.

AU - Cleva, F.

AU - Cocchieri, C.

AU - Coccia, E.

AU - Cohadon, P. F.

AU - Cohen, D.

AU - Colgan, R.

AU - Colleoni, M.

AU - Collette, C. G.

AU - Collins, C.

AU - Cominsky, L. R.

AU - Constancio, M.

AU - Conti, L.

AU - Cooper, S. J.

AU - Corban, P.

AU - Corbitt, T. R.

AU - Cordero-Carrión, I.

AU - Corley, K. R.

AU - Cornish, N.

AU - Corsi, A.

AU - Cortese, S.

AU - Costa, C. A.

AU - Cotesta, R.

AU - Coughlin, M. W.

AU - Coughlin, S. B.

AU - Coulon, J. P.

AU - Countryman, S. T.

AU - Couvares, P.

AU - Covas, P. B.

AU - Cowan, E. E.

AU - Coward, D. M.

AU - Cowart, M. J.

AU - Coyne, D. C.

AU - Coyne, R.

AU - Creighton, J. D.E.

AU - Creighton, T. D.

AU - Danilishin, S. L.

AU - Howell, E. J.

AU - Ju, L.

AU - Liu, J.

AU - McCann, J. J.

AU - Page, M. A.

AU - Slaven-Blair, T. J.

AU - Van Heijningen, J. V.

AU - Zhao, C.

AU - Zhu, X. J.

PY - 2019/6/27

Y1 - 2019/6/27

N2 - Isolated spinning neutron stars, asymmetric with respect to their rotation axis, are expected to be sources of continuous gravitational waves. The most sensitive searches for these sources are based on accurate matched filtering techniques that assume the continuous wave to be phase locked with the pulsar beamed emission. While matched filtering maximizes the search sensitivity, a significant signal-to-noise ratio loss will happen in the case of a mismatch between the assumed and the true signal phase evolution. Narrow-band algorithms allow for a small mismatch in the frequency and spin-down values of the pulsar while coherently integrating the entire dataset. In this paper, we describe a narrow-band search using LIGO O2 data for the continuous wave emission of 33 pulsars. No evidence of a continuous wave signal is found, and upper limits on the gravitational wave amplitude over the analyzed frequency and spin-down ranges are computed for each of the targets. In this search, we surpass the spin-down limit, namely, the maximum rotational energy loss due to gravitational waves emission for some of the pulsars already present in the LIGO O1 narrow-band search, such as J1400-6325, J1813-1246, J1833-1034, J1952+3252, and for new targets such as J0940-5428 and J1747-2809. For J1400-6325, J1833-1034, and J1747-2809, this is the first time the spin-down limit is surpassed.

AB - Isolated spinning neutron stars, asymmetric with respect to their rotation axis, are expected to be sources of continuous gravitational waves. The most sensitive searches for these sources are based on accurate matched filtering techniques that assume the continuous wave to be phase locked with the pulsar beamed emission. While matched filtering maximizes the search sensitivity, a significant signal-to-noise ratio loss will happen in the case of a mismatch between the assumed and the true signal phase evolution. Narrow-band algorithms allow for a small mismatch in the frequency and spin-down values of the pulsar while coherently integrating the entire dataset. In this paper, we describe a narrow-band search using LIGO O2 data for the continuous wave emission of 33 pulsars. No evidence of a continuous wave signal is found, and upper limits on the gravitational wave amplitude over the analyzed frequency and spin-down ranges are computed for each of the targets. In this search, we surpass the spin-down limit, namely, the maximum rotational energy loss due to gravitational waves emission for some of the pulsars already present in the LIGO O1 narrow-band search, such as J1400-6325, J1813-1246, J1833-1034, J1952+3252, and for new targets such as J0940-5428 and J1747-2809. For J1400-6325, J1833-1034, and J1747-2809, this is the first time the spin-down limit is surpassed.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85068965834&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1103/PhysRevD.99.122002

DO - 10.1103/PhysRevD.99.122002

M3 - Article

VL - 99

JO - Physical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology

JF - Physical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology

SN - 1550-7998

IS - 12

M1 - 122002

ER -