Nanomaterials by severe plastic deformation: review of historical developments and recent advances

Kaveh Edalati, Andrea Bachmaier, Victor A. Beloshenko, Yan Beygelzimer, Vladimir D. Blank, Walter J. Botta, Krzysztof Bryła, Jakub Čížek, Sergiy Divinski, Nariman A. Enikeev, Yuri Estrin, Ghader Faraji, Roberto B. Figueiredo, Masayoshi Fuji, Tadahiko Furuta, Thierry Grosdidier, Jenő Gubicza, Anton Hohenwarter, Zenji Horita, Jacques HuotYoshifumi Ikoma, Miloš Janeček, Megumi Kawasaki, Petr Král, Shigeru Kuramoto, Terence G. Langdon, Daniel R. Leiva, Valery I. Levitas, Andrey Mazilkin, Masaki Mito, Hiroyuki Miyamoto, Terukazu Nishizaki, Reinhard Pippan, Vladimir V. Popov, Elena N. Popova, Gencaga Purcek, Oliver Renk, Ádám Révész, Xavier Sauvage, Vaclav Sklenicka, Werner Skrotzki, Boris B. Straumal, Satyam Suwas, Laszlo S. Toth, Nobuhiro Tsuji, Ruslan Z. Valiev, Gerhard Wilde, Michael J. Zehetbauer, Xinkun Zhu

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

193 Citations (Scopus)


Severe plastic deformation (SPD) is effective in producing bulk ultrafine-grained and nanostructured materials with large densities of lattice defects. This field, also known as NanoSPD, experienced a significant progress within the past two decades. Beside classic SPD methods such as high-pressure torsion, equal-channel angular pressing, accumulative roll-bonding, twist extrusion, and multi-directional forging, various continuous techniques were introduced to produce upscaled samples. Moreover, numerous alloys, glasses, semiconductors, ceramics, polymers, and their composites were processed. The SPD methods were used to synthesize new materials or to stabilize metastable phases with advanced mechanical and functional properties. High strength combined with high ductility, low/room-temperature superplasticity, creep resistance, hydrogen storage, photocatalytic hydrogen production, photocatalytic CO2 conversion, superconductivity, thermoelectric performance, radiation resistance, corrosion resistance, and biocompatibility are some highlighted properties of SPD-processed materials. This article reviews recent advances in the NanoSPD field and provides a brief history regarding its progress from the ancient times to modernity. Abbreviations: ARB: Accumulative Roll-Bonding; BCC: Body-Centered Cubic; DAC: Diamond Anvil Cell; EBSD: Electron Backscatter Diffraction; ECAP: Equal-Channel Angular Pressing (Extrusion); FCC: Face-Centered Cubic; FEM: Finite Element Method; FSP: Friction Stir Processing; HCP: Hexagonal Close-Packed; HPT: High-Pressure Torsion; HPTT: High-Pressure Tube Twisting; MDF: Multi-Directional (-Axial) Forging; NanoSPD: Nanomaterials by Severe Plastic Deformation; SDAC: Shear (Rotational) Diamond Anvil Cell; SEM: Scanning Electron Microscopy; SMAT: Surface Mechanical Attrition Treatment; SPD: Severe Plastic Deformation; TE: Twist Extrusion; TEM: Transmission Electron Microscopy; UFG: Ultrafine Grained.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)163-256
Number of pages94
JournalMaterials Research Letters
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 22 Feb 2022


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