N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide and prognosis in Caucasian vs. Asian patients with heart failure

Jasper Tromp, Arthur Mark Richards, Wan Ting Tay, Tiew Hwa K. Teng, Poh Shuan Daniel Yeo, David Sim, Fazlur Jaufeerally, Gerard Leong, Hean Yee Ong, Lieng Hsi Ling, Dirk J. van Veldhuisen, Tiny Jaarsma, Adriaan A. Voors, Peter van der Meer, Rudolf A. de Boer, Carolyn S.P. Lam

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


Aims: N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) is the most frequently used biomarker in heart failure (HF), but its prognostic utility across ethnicities is unclear. Methods and results: This study included 546 Caucasians with HF from the Coordinating Study Evaluating Outcomes of Advising and Counseling in Heart Failure and 578 Asians with HF from the Singapore Heart Failure Outcomes and Phenotypes study. NT-proBNP was measured at discharge after HF hospitalization. The studied outcome was a composite of all-cause mortality and HF hospitalization at 18 months. Compared with Caucasian patients, Asian patients were younger (63 ± 12 vs. 71 ± 11 years); less often female (26% vs. 39%); and had lower body mass index (26 vs. 27 kg/m2), better renal function (61 ± 37 vs. 54 ± 20 mL/min/1.73 m2), lower rates of atrial fibrillation (25% vs. 46%), strikingly higher rates of diabetes (59% vs. 30%), and higher rates of hypertension (76% vs. 44%). Despite these clear inter-group differences in individual drivers of NT-proBNP, average levels were similar in Asians [2709 (1350, 6302) pg/mL] and Caucasians [2545 (1308, 5484) pg/mL] (P = 0.514). NT-proBNP was strongly associated with outcome [hazard ratio 1.28 (per doubling), 95% confidence interval 1.18–1.39, P < 0.001], regardless of ethnicity (Pinteraction = 0.719). NT-proBNP was similarly associated with outcome in HF with reduced and preserved ejection fraction in Asian (Pinteraction = 0.776) and Caucasian patients (Pinteraction = 0.558). Conclusions: NT-proBNP has similar prognostic performance in Asians and Caucasians with HF despite ethnic differences in known clinical determinants of plasma NT-proBNP.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)279-287
Number of pages9
JournalESC Heart Failure
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2018


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