Mutations in ATP1A1 Cause Dominant Charcot-Marie-Tooth Type 2

Petra Lassuthova, Adriana P. Rebelo, Gianina Ravenscroft, Phillipa J. Lamont, Mark R. Davis, Fiore Manganelli, Shawna M. Feely, Chelsea Bacon, Dana Šafka Brožková, Jana Haberlova, Radim Mazanec, Feifei Tao, Cima Saghira, Lisa Abreu, Steve Courel, Eric Powell, Elena Buglo, Dana M. Bis, Megan F. Baxter, Royston W. OngLorna Marns, Yi Chung Lee, Yunhong Bai, Daniel G. Isom, René Barro-Soria, Ki W. Chung, Steven S. Scherer, H. Peter Larsson, Nigel G. Laing, Byung Ok Choi, Pavel Seeman, Michael E. Shy, Lucio Santoro, Stephan Zuchner

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51 Citations (Scopus)
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Although mutations in more than 90 genes are known to cause CMT, the underlying genetic cause of CMT remains unknown in more than 50% of affected individuals. The discovery of additional genes that harbor CMT2-causing mutations increasingly depends on sharing sequence data on a global level. In this way—by combining data from seven countries on four continents—we were able to define mutations in ATP1A1, which encodes the alpha1 subunit of the Na+,K+-ATPase, as a cause of autosomal-dominant CMT2. Seven missense changes were identified that segregated within individual pedigrees: c.143T>G (p.Leu48Arg), c.1775T>C (p.Ile592Thr), c.1789G>A (p.Ala597Thr), c.1801_1802delinsTT (p.Asp601Phe), c.1798C>G (p.Pro600Ala), c.1798C>A (p.Pro600Thr), and c.2432A>C (p.Asp811Ala). Immunostaining peripheral nerve axons localized ATP1A1 to the axolemma of myelinated sensory and motor axons and to Schmidt-Lanterman incisures of myelin sheaths. Two-electrode voltage clamp measurements on Xenopus oocytes demonstrated significant reduction in Na+ current activity in some, but not all, ouabain-insensitive ATP1A1 mutants, suggesting a loss-of-function defect of the Na+,K+ pump. Five mutants fall into a remarkably narrow motif within the helical linker region that couples the nucleotide-binding and phosphorylation domains. These findings identify a CMT pathway and a potential target for therapy development in degenerative diseases of peripheral nerve axons.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)505-514
Number of pages10
JournalAmerican Journal of Human Genetics
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2018


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